Muawiyah I

Muawiyah I (Arabic: معاوية بن أبي سفيان‎, Muʿāwiyah ibn Abī Sufyān; 602 – 26 April 680) was the founder and first caliph of the Umayyad Caliphate. Continue reading

Assassination of Caliph Uthman ibn Affan

Islamic civil war erupted upon the assassination of the third caliph Uthman ibn Affan, in 656 by Egyptian soldiers. Continue reading