Alfred Nobel

Alfred Bernhard Nobel (/noʊˈbɛl/; Swedish: [ˈalfrɛd nʊˈbɛlː] (About this soundlisten); 21 October 1833 – 10 December 1896) was a Swedish chemist, engineer, inventor, businessman, and philanthropist.

Known for inventing dynamite, Nobel also owned Bofors, which he had redirected from its previous role as primarily an iron and steel producer to a major manufacturer of cannon and other armaments. Nobel held 355 different patents, dynamite being the most famous. After reading a premature obituary which condemned him for profiting from the sales of arms, he bequeathed his fortune to institute the Nobel Prizes. The synthetic element nobelium was named after him. His name also survives in modern-day companies such as Dynamit Nobel and AkzoNobel, which are descendants of mergers with companies Nobel himself established.

More info at: Alfred Nobel – Wikipedia

Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:

Name(s):
      Alfred Nobel
Birth:
      October 21, 1833, Stockholm, Sweden
Death:
      December 10, 1896, Sanremo, Italy
Known for:
      Benefactor of the Nobel Prize, inventor of dynamite


Additional Information:

The Invention of Nitroglycerin

Italian chemist Ascanio Sobrero developed nitroglycerin, Continue reading

Francis William Aston

Francis William Aston FRS (1 September 1877 – 20 November 1945) was an English chemist and physicist who won the 1922 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his discovery, by means of his mass spectrograph, of isotopes, in a large number of non-radioactive elements, and for his enunciation of the whole number rule. He was a fellow of the Royal Society and Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.

More info at: Francis William Aston – Wikipedia

Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:

Name(s):
      Francis William Aston
Birth:
      September 1, 1877, Harborne, Birmingham, United Kingdom
Death:
      November 20, 1945, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Books:
      Mass Spectra and Isotopes, Isotopes
Siblings:
      Helen Aston, Mary Aston
Education:
      Mason Science College, University of Cambridge, Malvern College, Trinity College
Awards:
      Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Royal Medal, Hughes Medal


Additional Information:

Mass Spectrometer Analyzes Neon

A mass spectrometer analyzed neon atoms and found the natural element was composed of two isotopes, neon 20 and 22 by Francis William Aston, Continue reading

Hydrogen Sulfide Gas Believed Incapable of Liquefaction

Hydrogen sulfide gas believed to be incapable of liquefaction until 1818 when Michael Faraday, an English chemist, physicist, and master experimentalist began by cooling the gas in a pressurized environment. Continue reading

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes

Kamerlingh Onnes was born in Groningen, Netherlands to father, Harm Kamerlingh Onnes a brickworks owner and mother, Anna Gerdina Coers from Arnhem. Continue reading

Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin

Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin OM FRS Hon
FRSC (12 May 1910 – 29 July 1994) was a British chemist who developed protein crystallography, for which she won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1964.
Continue reading

3D Molecular Analysis of Vitamin B12

Three-dimensional molecular analysis was done of Vitamin B12 in the form of cyanocobalamin, substance aiding in the development of red blood cells. Continue reading

Creation of liquid Helium

In 1908, Dutch physicist, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes figures out a way to prepare liquid helium while working at the University of Leiden’s Cryogenic Laboratory. Continue reading

3D Molecular Analysis of Cholesteryl Iodide

A 3D molecular structure of cholesteryl iodide was created as a complex organic molecule by Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin in 1945. Continue reading