Prison reformer of note

English philanthropist John Howard, when he becoming high sheriff of Bedfordshire in 1773, he toured the local jail. He found it appallingly unhealthy, and learned that prisoners were forced to pay their own jailers, those unable to pay the discharge fee were kept, even those whose cases were acquitted. In 1974 he got the House of Commons passed prison reform acts that abolished discharge fees and required justices to oversee the health of prisoners. Then in 1777 Howard wrote the reformist tract State of the Prisons.

Date:
      1773, 1774, 1777
Name(s):
      John Howard
Occupation:
      Philanthropist
      High Sheriff
Location:
      Bedfordshire

Additional Information:

  • John Howard (prison reformer) – Wikipedia
    John Howard FRS (2 September 1726 – 20 January 1790) was a philanthropist and the first English prison reformer.
  • Prison reform – Wikipedia
    Prison reform is the attempt to improve conditions inside prisons, establish a more effective penal system, or implement alternatives to incarceration.
  • Elizabeth Fry – Wikipedia
    Elizabeth Fry (née Gurney, often referred to as Betsy; 21 May 1780 – 12 October 1845) was an English prison reformer, social reformer and, as a Quaker, a Christian philanthropist. She has sometimes been referred to as the “angel of prisons”.

Crimean War receive extensive newspaper coverage

The Crimean War (1853-56), was the first war to receive extensive newspaper coverage. Continue reading

Sail Across-the-ocean race

Across-the-ocean race was held in 1866 from Sandy Hook, CT, USA, to Cowes, Isle of Wight, England, with the sponsorship of the New York Yacht Club. Continue reading

An Unsinkable Boat was Patented

In 1785, a Coach Builder (horse drawn carriages) in London, England, by the name of Lionel Lukin, patented his unsinkable boat. Continue reading

Recipes to be tested before being published in Beeton’s Book of Household Management

Beeton’s Book of Household Management, received recipes after recipes, Continue reading

Patent for a Steam Forge Hammer

Inventor James Nasmyth of Manchester, England, applied for a patent (in 1842) for a Steam Forge Hammer. As they say “Inventions / innovations are born out of nessecity”… Continue reading

The Cast Iron Plow

After obtained the patent in 1785, the English inventor Robert Ransome, Continue reading

War correspondent by telegraph

During the Crimean War, (in what is now part of Ukraine), from 1853 to 1856, William Howard Russell, a reporter for The Times of London, was conducting War correspondent by telegraph from a combat zone. Continue reading

James Gordon Bennett Jr.

James Gordon Bennett Jr. (May 10, 1841 – May 14, 1918) was publisher of the New York Herald, founded by his father, James Gordon Bennett Sr., who emigrated from Scotland. Continue reading

The First Dentistry Textbook

The text book was called “The Operator for the Teeth”, published in England in 1685, by Charles Allen. Continue reading