Johannes Gutenberg Constructs the Printing Press

Johannes Gutenberg designed and constructed the printing press despites an initial reference made during a lawsuit by the heirs of his financial bankers in 1439. Continue reading

Blaise Pascal

Blaise Pascal (/pæˈskæl, pɑːˈskɑːl/; French: [blɛz paskal]; 19 June 1623 – 19 August 1662) was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Catholic theologian. He was a child prodigy who was educated by his father, a tax collector in Rouen. Pascal’s earliest work was in the natural and applied sciences where he made important contributions to the study of fluids, and clarified the concepts of pressure and vacuum by generalising the work of Evangelista Torricelli. Pascal also wrote in defence of the scientific method.

In 1642, while still a teenager, he started some pioneering work on calculating machines. After three years of effort and 50 prototypes, he built 20 finished machines (called Pascal’s calculators and later Pascalines) over the following 10 years, establishing him as one of the first two inventors of the mechanical calculator.

More info at: Blaise Pascal – Wikipedia

Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:

Name(s):
      Blaise Pascal
Occupation:
      Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer and Catholic Theologian
Birth:
      June 19, 1623, Clermont-Ferrand, France
Death:
      August 19, 1662, Paris, France


Additional Information:

Horse-Drawn Omnibus Service in France

Horse-drawn omnibus service was offered in Paris, France at the encouragement of Blaise Pascal in 1662. Continue reading

Abbot Suger

Suger’s family origins are unknown. Several times in his writings he suggests that his was a humble background, though this may just be a topos or convention of autobiographical writing. In 1091, at the age of ten, Suger was given as an oblate to the abbey of St. Denis, where he began his education. He trained at the priory of Saint-Denis de l’Estrée, and there first met the future king Louis VI of France. From 1104 to 1106, Suger attended another school, perhaps that attached to the abbey of Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire. In 1106 he became secretary to the abbot of Saint-Denis. In the following year he became provost of Berneval in Normandy, and in 1109 of Toury. In 1118, Louis VI sent Suger to the court of Pope Gelasius II at Maguelonne (at Montpellier, Gulf of Lyon), and he lived from 1121 to 1122 at the court of Gelasius’s successor, Calixtus II.

On his return from Maguelonne, Suger became abbot of St-Denis. Until 1127, he occupied himself at court mainly with the temporal affairs of the kingdom, while during the following decade he devoted himself to the reorganization and reform of St-Denis. In 1137, he accompanied the future king, Louis VII, into Aquitaine on the occasion of that prince’s marriage to Eleanor of Aquitaine, and during the Second Crusade served as one of the regents of the kingdom (1147–1149). He bitterly opposed the king’s divorce, having himself advised the marriage. Although he disapproved of the Second Crusade, he himself, at the time of his death, had started preaching a new crusade.

More info at: Abbot Suger – Wikipedia

Name(s):
      Abbot Suger
Occupation:
      Statesman, Historian
Birth:
      1081, Chennevières-lès-Louvres, France
Death:
      January 13, 1151, Saint-Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis, France

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Additional Information:

Pascal Invents First Hydraulic Press

Blaise Pascal, French scientist, mathematician and philosopher invents the first hydraulic press in 1647. Continue reading

Dentistry Discipline Recognized by the University of Paris

The University of Paris added dentistry instruction as a formal discipline in 1580. Continue reading

Stained Glass Used to Create Large Windows in Abbey St-Denis

Large scale stained glass were used to create large windows in the choir and ambulatory sections of the Abbey of St-Denis in Paris, France during the rebuilding from 1137 to 1144. Continue reading

Pascaline was the First Practical Adding Machine

The first practical adding machine, the Pascaline was invented by Blaise Pascal, a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist in 1642. Continue reading

Tempered Glass Patented by the French

Tempered glass manufacturing was patented by French glassmaker, Continue reading

Abbey of St-Denis Built in Gothic Style

Abbey of St-Denis in Paris, France was built in the Gothic style as founded by King Dagobert I in 7th Century and rebuilt by Abbot Suger in 1144. Continue reading