aeronautical society

The Societe Aerostatique, was the first aeronautical society, founded in 1852, in the city of Paris, France Continue reading

The Safety Razor

The French barber by the name of Jean-Jacques Perret invented in 1762, the Safety razor. Continue reading

Stamp albums for keeping stamp collections

In 1862, Paris, France, Justin Lathier introduced stamp albums for keeping stamp collections. Continue reading

Woman printer of note

Charlotte Guillard of Paris, France (She died in 1556), worked in the printing businesses with both of her husbands to which she outlived, afterwards she ran her own shop. Continue reading

Synthetic fibre called Rayon

Rayon, a synthetic fibre derived from cellulose was patented in 1884 by Count Louis-Marie-Hilaire Bernigaud de Chardonnet, who began producing it in a factory, commercially in 1892 at Besancon, France. Continue reading

Map of the human genome

The Rudimentary detail by researchers under Daniel Cohen in 1993 at the centre for the Study of Human Polymorphism in Paris, France, prepared the map of the human genome. Continue reading

Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (Italian: [leoˈnardo di ˌsɛr ˈpjɛːro da (v)ˈvintʃi] ( listen); 15 April 1452 – 2 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography. Continue reading

Contact Lenses… Nothing new

The contact lens were imagined and sketched his designs was the Italian artist and scientist Leonardo da Vinci, in 1508. Later in 1632 the French philosopher Rene Descartes conceived of corneal contact lens.

Date:
      1508 / 1632
Name(s):
      Leonardo da Vinci,
      Rene Descartes
Occupation:
      Artist,
      Inventor,
      Visionairy
      Philosopher

Additional Information:

  • Leonardo da Vinci – Wikipedia
    Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (Italian: [leoˈnardo di ˌsɛr ˈpjɛːro da (v)ˈvintʃi] ( listen); 15 April 1452 – 2 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography.
  • Da Vinci to Disposable: A History of Contact Lenses – 1800contacts.com‎
    When you think about contact lenses, you probably don’t picture wearing a bowl of water on your head, but strangely enough, that’s how they began. In his 1508 “Codex of the Eye”, Italian inventor Leonardo da Vinci speculated that submerging the head in a bowl of water could alter vision.
  • When Were Contact Lenses Invented? – AllAboutVision.com
    Though contact lenses seem to be a recent phenomenon, the famous Italian architect, mathematician and inventor Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) produced the first known sketches (in 1508) that suggested the optics of the human eye could be altered by placing the cornea directly in contact with water.
  • A Brief History of Contact Lenses
    1508 Leonardo da Vinci illustrates the concept of contact lenses
  • Contact lens – Wikipedia
    A contact lens, or simply contact, is a thin lens placed directly on the surface of the eye. Contact lenses are considered medical devices and can be worn to correct vision, or for cosmetic or therapeutic reasons.
  • The Evolution of Contact Lenses: From Da Vinci to Electronic Lenses …
    As of 2012, there were 34 million Americans and 71 million people worldwide who wore the thin film inserts known as contact lenses over their eyes for some form of vision enhancement, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Electric Arc Furnace Invented

Paul-Louis Toussaint Heroult created the Electric Arc Furnace (Heated by a carbon arc at very high temp.) in France. At first it was used to melt scrap iron, then later in the Hall-Heroult process, the electrolytic refinement process of aluminum.

Date: 1900
Name(s): Paul-Louis Toussaint Heroult
Occupation: French Metallurgist
Location: France


Additional Information:

  • Electric arc furnace – Wikipedia
    ndustrial arc furnaces range in size from small units of approximately one ton capacity (used in foundries for producing cast iron products) up to about 400 ton units used for secondary steelmaking.
  • When was the electric arc furnace invented?
    The German-born British inventor Sir William Siemens first demonstrated the arc furnace in 1879 at the Paris Exposition by melting iron in crucibles. In this furnace, horizontally placed carbon electrodes produced an electric arc above the container of metal.
  • What does electric arc furnace do?
    Steel scrap (or other ferrous material) is first tipped into the EAF from an overhead crane. A lid is then swung into position over the furnace. This lid contains electrodes which are lowered into the furnace. An electric current is passed through the electrodes to form an arc.
  • Steel History From Iron Age to Electric Arc Furnaces – The Balance
    The development of steel can be traced back 4000 years to the beginning of the Iron Age. Proving to be harder and stronger than bronze, which had previously been the most widely used metal, iron began to displace bronze in weaponry and tools.
  • Electric Arc Furnace | Industrial Efficiency Technology & Measures
    Electric Arc Furnaces (EAFs) are a central part of the production route that is an alternative to the dominant BF-BOF route. EAFs are used to produce carbon steels and alloy steels primarily by recycling ferrous scrap.

Water powered sawmill used in marble cutting

Gallic born latin poet by the name of Decimus Magnus Ausonious, described a stone cutting water powered mill in his lyric poem about the Mosella (Moselle) river in Gaul (now France), written circa 360. This water powered mill was cutting marble for the city of Treves. Mills of this type may have been used throughout the roman empire for several hundred years.

Date:
      Circa 360 CE

Name(s):
      Decimus Magnus Ausonious

Occupation:
      Poet


Additional Information:

  • Hierapolis sawmill – Wikipedia
    The Hierapolis sawmill is believed to be a Roman water-powered stone sawmill at Hierapolis, Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey). Dating to the second half of the 3rd century AD, the sawmill is considered the earliest known machine to combine a crank with a connecting rod, although neither clear ancient scripts nor engineering drawings were yet found to support this theory.
  • Sawmill – Wikipedia
    A sawmill or lumber mill is a facility where logs are cut into lumber. Before the invention of the sawmill, boards were made in various manual ways, either rived (split) and planed, hewn, or more often hand sawn by two men with a whipsaw, one above and another in a saw pit below.
  • Roman Mills (Article) – Ancient History Encyclopedia
    The Romans constructed mills for use in agriculture, mining and construction. Around the 3rd century BCE, the first mills were used to grind grain.
  • 23 – Society for the History of Medieval Technology and Science
    Showing a picture of the Villard saw (ill. 1) he described it as the earliest drawing we had of a semi-automatic tool (alluding to the feed back mechanism which advanced the timber to the blade) but not the earliest known such saw, one being recorded at Evreux in 1204.
  • Ancient Roman Industrial Watermills – YouTube