Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei (Italian: [ɡaliˈlɛːo ɡaliˈlɛi]; 15 February 1564 – 8 January 1642) was an Italian astronomer, physicist and engineer, sometimes described as a polymath. Galileo has been called the “father of observational astronomy”, the “father of modern physics”, the “father of the scientific method”, and the “father of modern science”.

Galileo studied speed and velocity, gravity and free fall, the principle of relativity, inertia, projectile motion and also worked in applied science and technology, describing the properties of pendulums and “hydrostatic balances”, inventing the thermoscope and various military compasses, and using the telescope for scientific observations of celestial objects. His contributions to observational astronomy include the telescopic confirmation of the phases of Venus, the observation of the four largest satellites of Jupiter, the observation of Saturn and the analysis of sunspots.

More info at: Galileo Galilei – Wikipedia

Additional Articles associated with this person's firsts:

Name(s):
      Galileo Galilei
Occupation:
      Astronomer, Physicist, Engineer, and sometimes described as a Polymath
Birth:
      February 15, 1564, Pisa, Italy
Death:
      January 8, 1642, Arcetri


Additional Information:

Gravity Experiment Proves Different Masses Fall the Same

Simon Stevin, Dutch engineer, inventor, and mathematician published results from a gravity experiment in 1586, whereby proving that objects with different masses fall at the same speed. Continue reading

Galileo Invented the Thermometer

Galileo Galilei, Italian physicist and astronomer invented the thermometer in 1592. Continue reading

Galileo Observed the Universe with Powerful Telescope

Galileo Galilei examined the night sky with a high powered telescope with sufficient resolving power for astronomical observation in Padua, Italy in 1609. Continue reading

Ancient Greek Philosopher Proposed a Heliocentric Universe

Aristarchus of Samos, a Greek philosopher and mathematician proposed a heliocentric universe theory in 300 BCE, that the earth and planets make circular orbits around the sun. Continue reading

Santorio Santorio Utilized Medical Measuring Instruments

Santorio Santorio, professor of medical theory at the University of Padua, Italy, from 1611 to 1624 utilized precise measuring instruments for medical research. Continue reading

Moon Map Published by Hevelius

Johannes Hevelius (born Jan Heweliusz) from Gdansk, Poland published a moon map in the Selenographia in 1647. Continue reading

Adapted Clinical Thermometer Designed by Galileo

Santorio Santorio adapted the clinical thermometer based on Galileo Galilei’s design in 1612. Continue reading