John Calvin

John Calvin (/ˈkælvɪn/;[1] French: Jean Calvin [ʒɑ̃ kalvɛ̃]; born Jehan Cauvin; 10 July 1509 – 27 May 1564) was a French theologian, pastor and reformer in Geneva during the Protestant Reformation. He was a principal figure in the development of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism, aspects of which include the doctrines of predestination and of the absolute sovereignty of God in salvation of the human soul from death and eternal damnation, in which doctrines Calvin was influenced by and elaborated upon the Augustinian and other Christian traditions. Various Congregational, Reformed and Presbyterian churches, which look to Calvin as the chief expositor of their beliefs, have spread throughout the world.

Calvin was a tireless polemic and apologetic writer who generated much controversy. He also exchanged cordial and supportive letters with many reformers, including Philipp Melanchthon and Heinrich Bullinger. In addition to his seminal Institutes of the Christian Religion, Calvin wrote commentaries on most books of the Bible, confessional documents, and various other theological treatises.

More info at: John Calvin – Wikipedia

Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:

Name(s):
      John Calvin
Birth:
      July 10, 1509, Noyon, France
Death:
      May 27, 1564, Geneva, Switzerland
Spouse:
      Idelette Calvin (m. 1540–1549)


Additional Information:

Protestant Heretic Martyred in France

Spanish physician, Michael Servetus was the first Protestant martyr following the publication of his books refuting the concept of the Trinity, Continue reading

Calvinist Reformed Church in Switzerland

John Calvin (born Jean Cauvin) founded the Calvinist Reformed Church in Geneva, Switzerland from a community of French Protestant refugees in 1536. Continue reading

Horace-Bénédict de Saussure

Horace-Bénédict de Saussure was born 17 February 1740, in Conches, near Geneva (today in Switzerland but then an independent republic), and died in Geneva 22 January 1799. Continue reading

Alpine Mountaineer Pioneered Ascents in the Swiss Alps

Alpine mountaineer, Horace-Benedict de Saussure made a series of pioneering ascents in the Swiss Alps beginning in 1760. Continue reading

Comic strip published as a booklet

Rodolphe Topffer of Geneva, Switzerland, artist and writer of a comic strip called The Adventures of Dr. Festus. Continue reading

Jean-Henri Dunant

Dunant was born in Geneva, Switzerland, the first son of businessman Jean-Jacques Dunant and Antoinette Dunant-Colladon. Continue reading

The Red Cross – the begining

The first international medical relief organization was the Red Cross, technically formed at the Geneva Convention of 1864 and the Red Cross still has headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The Red Cross Mission was based on the ideas of the Swiss humanitarian Jean-Henri Dunant, who had advocated the formation of national voluntary societies for huanitarian aid during wartime. During non war times, The Red Cross also performs such peacetime duties, as first aid training and disaster relief. After 1906 Red Crescent societies was first formed in Muslim countries.

Date:
      1864
Name(s):
      Jean-Henri Dunant
Occupation:
      Humanitarian
Location:
      Geneva, Switzerland

Additional Information:

  • Henry Dunant – Wikipedia
    Henry Dunant (born Jean-Henri Dunant; 8 May 1828 – 30 October 1910), also known as Henri Dunant, was the founder of the Red Cross, and the first recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • Redcross.ca – Canadian Red Cross‎
    Official Canadian site
  • History – IFRC
    The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) was founded in 1919 in Paris in the aftermath of World War I.

Humane Treatment of Soldiers and Civilians in Wartime – AKA Geneva Conventions

International agreements on the Humane Treatment of Soldiers and Civilians in Wartime were signed at the first Convention Continue reading