The establishment of the Mahasanghika school arose in the fourth century BCE emphasizing the transcendent nature and infinite purity of the Buddha, Continue reading
Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama drew up a set of monastic rules or chief vinaya text - Patimokkha, Continue reading
Guru Arjan (Punjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਅਰਜੁਨ Guru Arjan [ɡʊru əɾdʒən]) 15 April 1563 – 30 May 1606) was the first of the two Gurus martyred in the Sikh faith and the fifth of the ten total Sikh Gurus. He compiled the first official edition of the Sikh scripture called the Adi Granth, which later expanded into the Guru Granth Sahib.
He was born in Goindval, in the Punjab, the youngest son of Bhai Jetha, who later became Guru Ram Das, and Mata Bhani, the daughter of Guru Amar Das. He was the first Guru in Sikhism to be born into a Sikh family. Guru Arjan led Sikhism for a quarter of a century. He completed the construction of Darbar Sahib at Amritsar, after the fourth Sikh Guru founded the town and built a pool. Guru Arjan compiled the hymns of previous Gurus and of other saints into Adi Granth, the first edition of the Sikh scripture, and installed it in the Harimandir Sahib.
More info at: Guru Arjan – Wikipedia
Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:
April 15, 1563, Goindval, India
May 30, 1606, Lahore, Pakistan
- Guru Arjan – Wikipedia
Guru Arjan (Punjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਅਰਜਨ [gʊɾuː əɾd͡ʒənᵊ]) 15 April 1563 – 30 May 1606) was the first of the two Gurus martyred in the Sikh faith and the fifth of the ten total Sikh Gurus. He compiled the first official edition of the Sikh scripture called the Adi Granth, which later expanded into the Guru Granth Sahib.
- Guru Arjan – SikhiWiki, free Sikh encyclopedia.
Aug 27, 2018 – Guru Arjan Dev Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਅਰਜੁਨ ਦੇਵ) (Sunday May 2 1563 – Monday June 16 1606) was the fifth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism who …
- Guru Arjan – Sikhism Religion of the Sikh People
Guru Arjan was the youngest son of Guru Ram Das and Mata Bhani. He was born at Goindwal on April 15, 1563. In 1579 Guru Arjan was eventually married to …
- Religions – Sikhism: Guru Arjan – BBC
Oct 26, 2009 – A brief look at Guru Arjan Dev, the fifth Sikh Guru and the first Sikh martyr.
- Arjan | Sikh Guru | Britannica.com
Arjan, the Sikh religion’s fifth Guru and its first martyr. One of the greatest of the Sikh Gurus, Arjan took over the leadership of the Sikh community from his father, …
- Guru Arjan Biography – Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline
Nov 3, 2017 – Guru Arjan Dev was the fifth of the ten Sikh Gurus. He became the first martyr of Sikh faith. This biography of Guru Arjan Dev provides detailed …
- Guru Arjan Sahib: The Sovereign-Martyr – Sikh Research Institute
Guru Arjan Sahib was martyred as per the orders of Emperor Jahangir on 30 May 1606.
- Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji – Sikh Gurus – Gateway to Sikhism Foundation
Guru Arjan was born in Goindwal, a small town in Amritsar district, on April 15, 1563. He was the youngest son of Guru Ram Das and Bibi Bhani. As a child, one …
- Guru Arjan – Wikiquote
Guru Arjan ([ɡʊru əɾdʒən]; 15 April 1563 – 30 May 1606) was the first martyr of the Sikh faith and the fifth of the ten Sikh Gurus, who compiled the first official …
Upanishads are compilations of teachings written in 500 BCE by Hindu sages in a Sanskrit didactic style verse. Continue reading
Arjan, compiler of the Adi Granth and the builder of the Golden Temple at Amritsar, India was the first Sikh martyr. Continue reading
The Sikh Golden Temple was built in 1604 by Guru Arjun in Amritsar, India. Continue reading
The Indian statute on food purity passed in 300 BCE. Continue reading
Arjun, the fifth Sikh guru compiled the Sikh sacred book Adi Granth or Granth Sahib in 1604. Continue reading
Chandragupta Maurya was a pivotal figure in the history of India. Prior to his consolidation of power, Alexander the Great had invaded the northwest Indian subcontinent, then abandoned further campaigning in 324 BCE, leaving a legacy of Indian subcontinental regions ruled by Indo-Greek and local rulers. The region was divided into Mahajanapadas, while the Nanda Empire dominated the Indo-Gangetic Plain. Chandragupta, with the counsel of his Chief Minister Chanakya (the Brahmin also known as Kautilya), created a new empire, applied the principles of statecraft, built a large army and continued expanding the boundaries of his empire. Greek rulers such as Seleucus I Nicator avoided war with him, entered into a marriage alliance instead, and retreated into Persia. Chandragupta’s empire extended from Bengal to most of the Indian subcontinent, except the southernmost regions (now Tamil Nadu, Kerala and nearby) and Kalinga (now Odisha region).
After unifying much of India, Chandragupta and Chanakya passed a series of major economic and political reforms. He established a strong central administration from Pataliputra (now Patna), patterned after Chanakya’s text on governance and politics, the Arthashastra. Chandragupta’s India was characterised by an efficient and highly organised structure. The empire built infrastructure such as irrigation, temples, mines and roads, leading to a strong economy. With internal and external trade thriving and agriculture flourishing, the empire built a large and trained permanent army to help expand and protect its boundaries. Chandragupta’s reign, as well the dynasty that followed him, was an era when many religions thrived in India, with Buddhism, Jainism and Ajivika gaining prominence along with the Brahmanism traditions. A memorial to Chandragupta Maurya exists on the Chandragiri hill, along with a 7th-century hagiographic inscription, on one of the two hills in Shravanabelagola, Karnakata.
More info at: Chandragupta Maurya – Wikipedia
Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:
1st Mauryan Emperor
c. 321 – c. 297 BCE
c. 321 BCE
c. 340 BCE
Pipphalivana near Pataliputra and Ramagrama or Devdaha, close to Magadha (modern-day Nepal and Patna, Bihar)
Shravanabelagola, Karnataka (Jain legend)
- Chandragupta Maurya – Wikipedia
Chandragupta Maurya (reign: c.321–c. 297 BCE) was the founder of the Maurya Empire in ancient India. He was born in a humble family, orphaned and …
- Chandragupta Maurya – Ancient History Encyclopedia
Indian Emperor Chandragupta Maurya lived from 340-298 BCE and was the first ruler of the Mauryan Empire. … Chandragupta’s courage, coupled with Kautilya Chanakya’s intelligence, turned the Mauryan Empire into one of the most powerful governments of the time. … In 322 BCE he finally …
- Chandragupta Maurya Biography – Facts, Life History, Reign …
Chandragupta Maurya was the founder of the Maurya Empire. Let’s take a look at his childhood, life history, reign, administration, empire, death and some …
- Chandragupta | emperor of India | Britannica.com
Chandragupta: Chandragupta, founder of the Mauryan dynasty (reigned c. 321–c. 297 bce) and the first emperor to unify most of India under one administration.
- Chandragupta Maurya – SonyLIV
This is a historical saga of the first king of united India, Chandragupta Maurya. After the death of Porus, Alexander has left behind his general, Seleucus Nicator …
- 7 January 2019 – Chandragupta Maurya – The Map – SonyLIV
Mura becomes furious with Chanakya when she uncovers about Chandra’s journey, but no amount of assurance can protect Chandragupta.
- Chandragupta Maurya Biography, History and Facts – Maps of India
One of the stalwarts of India’s freedom movement, Chandragupta Maurya also known as Lokmanya Tilak was born in Ratnagiri, Maharashtra on July 23, 1856.
Emperor Chandragupta Maurya of India was raised a slave cow herder owned by a Brahmin politician who tutored him in military tactics. Continue reading