Gautama Siddhartha

Gautama Buddha (c. 563 BCE/480 BCE – c. 483 BCE/400 BCE), also known as Siddhārtha Gautama [sid̪ːʱɑːrt̪ʰə gəut̪əmə], Shakyamuni Buddha [ɕɑːkjəmun̪i bud̪ːʱə], or simply the Buddha, after the title of Buddha, was an ascetic (śramaṇa) and sage, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded. He is believed to have lived and taught mostly in the eastern part of ancient India sometime between the sixth and fourth centuries BCE.

Gautama taught a Middle Way between sensual indulgence and the severe asceticism found in the śramaṇa movement common in his region. He later taught throughout other regions of eastern India such as Magadha and Kosala.

Gautama is the primary figure in Buddhism. He is recognized by Buddhists as an enlightened teacher who attained full Buddhahood, and shared his insights to help sentient beings end rebirth and suffering. Accounts of his life, discourses, and monastic rules are believed by Buddhists to have been summarized after his death and memorized by his followers. Various collections of teachings attributed to him were passed down by oral tradition and first committed to writing about 400 years later.

More info at: Gautama Buddha – Wikipedia

Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:

Name(s):
      Gautame Siddhartha
Occupation:
      Founder of Buddhism
Birth:
      c. 563 BCE or c. 480 BCE
     Lumbini, Shakya Republic
Death:
      c. 483 BCE or c. 400 BCE
     Kushinagar, Malla Republic


Additional Information:

Jainism, Atheistic religious movement

Jainism, Atheistic religious movement that arose in India in the sixth century BCE, was founded by Vardhamana Mahavira, Principles being the salvation of an individual soul as the consequence of an ascetic life leading to detachment from material things. Continue reading

The first European polo club

The Cachar Polo Club, founded by British tea planters in 1859 in Silchar, Assam, in northeastern India, became the first European polo club. Continue reading

Performance of a Son et lumiere show in Asia

The show called Son et lumiere performed at Shah Jahan’s 7th-century compound, the Red Fort, in Delhi, India, in 1965. Continue reading

Pagodas Evolved from Buddhist Stupas

Pagodas Evolved from the Buddhist Stupas, the first monuments of these types were built in India (circa 483 BCE), and described as a hemispherical mound, topped with a stack of discs. Continue reading

Chaturanga a Chess-like game

Chaturanga (a Chess-like game) an Indian game was invented circa 600 CE. Continue reading

Mahavastu was the first Biography of the Buddha

Mahavastu (Great Story), a Biography of the Buddha, was also an anonymous Sanskrit work from the second century BCE. Continue reading

The Canonization of Jain Sacred Texts

At Patna, India, towards the end of the 4th century BCE, the Canonization of Jain sacred texts took place. Continue reading

Rabindranath Tagore, first Asian to receive Nobel Prize in Literature

First Asian presented the Nobel Prize in Literature was in 1913
Continue reading

Cultivation of Bananas

It is uncertain the origin of banana cultivation. But historical records show Continue reading