A Total Internet crash

Because of a status-message virus that was accidentally propagated throughout the network on October 27, 1980, when the ARPANET (the U.S. Department of Defense’s prototype Internet) came to a complete halt, thus becoming the first total Internet crash. Continue reading

Nuclear weapons test moratorium was observed

Unofficially on November 1958 to September 1961, the three nuclear powers, the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union held a nuclear weapons testing moratorium. Continue reading

International Code signals

Communicating between ships at sea was done by flags, an International Code signals was published in England in 1857. Continue reading

Telephone hot line between nations

Instituted on June 20, 1963, between the United States and the Soviet Union, a telephone hot line connected both countries. Continue reading

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein (/ˈaɪnstaɪn/; German: [ˈalbɛɐ̯t ˈaɪnʃtaɪn]; 14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist. He developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics). Einstein’s work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. Einstein is best known by the general public for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2 (which has been dubbed “the world’s most famous equation”). He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics “for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect”, a pivotal step in the evolution of quantum theory.

Near the beginning of his career, Einstein thought that Newtonian mechanics was no longer enough to reconcile the laws of classical mechanics with the laws of the electromagnetic field. This led him to develop his special theory of relativity during his time at the Swiss Patent Office in Bern (1902–1909), Switzerland. He realized, however, that the principle of relativity could also be extended to gravitational fields, and with his subsequent theory of gravitation in 1916, he published a paper on general relativity. He continued to deal with problems of statistical mechanics and quantum theory, which led to his explanations of particle theory and the motion of molecules. He also investigated the thermal properties of light which laid the foundation of the photon theory of light. In 1917, Einstein applied the general theory of relativity to model the large-scale structure of the universe.

More at: Albert Einstein – Wikipedia

Albert Einstein

Name(s):
      Albert Einstein
Occupation:
      Theoretical Physicist
Birth:
      March 14, 1879, Ulm, Germany
Death:
      April 18, 1955, Princeton, New Jersey, United States
Spouse:
      Elsa Einstein (m. 1919–1936), Mileva Marić (m. 1903–1919)
Children:
      Eduard Einstein, Lieserl Einstein, Hans Albert Einstein

Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:

Quotes:

Imagination is more important than knowledge.

The important thing is not to stop questioning. Curiosity has its own reason for existing.

Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new.

Try not to become a man of success, but rather try to become a man of value.

Two things are infinite: the universe and human stupidity; and I’m not sure about the universe.

Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind.

No problem can be solved from the same level of consciousness that created it.

Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not simpler.

The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious. It is the source of all true art and science.

I have no special talents. I am only passionately curious.


Additional Information:

Continental nuclear-free zone

Established on April 11, 1996, following the signing of the Treaty of Pelindaba by the 49 of the 53 members of the Organization of African Unity, African became a Nuclear Weapons Free Zone. Continue reading

Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin

Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin (/ˈjɛltsɪn/;[3] Russian: Бори́с Никола́евич Е́льцин; IPA: [bɐˈrʲis nʲɪkɐˈlaɪvʲɪtɕ ˈjelʲtsɨn] ; (1 February 1931 – 23 April 2007) was a Soviet and Russian politician and the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999. Continue reading

Yasser Arafat

Continue reading

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and Russia

Another day in history was May 27, 1997, when Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin, then Russian president, signed the cooperative pact with other NATO officials. North Atlantic Treaty Organization gave Russia a consultative role in NATO decisions, and in return Russia did not place obstacles in the way of several of the former Soviet-block countries who were also applying to join NATO.

Date:
      May 27th 1997
Name(s):
      Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin
Occupation:
      Russian President


Additional Information:

  • NATO–Russia relations – Wikipedia
    NATO–Russian relations, relations between the NATO Military Alliance and the Russian Federation were established in 1991 within the framework of the North Atlantic Cooperation Council.
  • The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) | Council on Foreign …
    Russian aggression in Ukraine has breathed new life into the Cold War-era security alliance, prompting allies to reinforce defenses in Eastern Europe and expand cooperation with nonmembers.
  • NATO – Topic: Relations with Russia
    For more than two decades, NATO has strived to build a partnership with Russia, developing dialogue and practical cooperation in areas of common interest.
  • NATO – Topic: NATO-Russia relations: the facts
    Since Russia began its illegal military intervention in Ukraine, Russian officials have accused NATO of a series of mythical provocations, threats and hostile actions stretching back over 25 years. This webpage sets out the facts.
  • Boris Yeltsin – Wikipedia
    Boris Yeltsin was born in the village of Butka, Talitsky District, Sverdlovsk, USSR, on 1 February 1931. In 1932 after the state took away the entire harvest from the recently collectivised Butka peasants, the Yeltsin family moved as far away as they could, to Kazan, more than 1,100 kilometres from Butka, where Boris’ father, Nikolai, found work on a construction site.

Representative of a nongovernmental organization to address the United Nations

Yasir Arafat, chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization, was the first representative of a nongovernmental organization to address a plenary session of the United Nations General Assembly. Continue reading