Alexander the Great

Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Greek: Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας, Aléxandros ho Mégas Koine Greek: [a.lék.san.dros ho mé.gas]), was a king (basileus) of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty. Continue reading

Persian Royal Road a very long road

The road called Persian Royal Road ran east-west across Anatolia for more than 1,500 miles (2,400 km) between the capital city of Susa, Persia (now the village of Shush, Iran), and Smyrna (now Iz-mir, Turkey), on the Aegean coast, passing through Nineveh and Haran, with a second terminus at Ephesus. Continue reading

First Known Permanent Human Settlement: village of Zawi Chemi

Archeologists found a permanent human settlement, located in in south-eastern Anatolia on the Turkish-Iranian border. Continue reading

Windmills invented by Persians

Arabic writings of the 9th Century first mention horizontal windmills constructed around 644 CE. Continue reading

Grape Cultivation circa 4000 BCE

Regions surrounding the Black and Caspian Sea (modern Turkey, Iran, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Russia) is where grapes started to be cultivated, with a possibility that wine may have been made then too, but the only wine evidence being made is about 500 later (circa 3500 BCE). Continue reading