Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi

Abū Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyyā al-Rāzī (ابوبكر محمّد زکرياى رازى‬ Abūbakr Mohammad-e Zakariyyā-ye Rāzī, also known by his Latinized name Rhazes or Rasis) (854–925 CE), was a Persian polymath, physician, alchemist, philosopher, and important figure in the history of medicine. Continue reading

Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zalcariya al-Razi was a Muslim physician of note

Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zalcariya al-Razi a Muslim physician, was known as Rhazes in the West, served as chief physician at hospitals in Rayy, Persia, and Baghdad. Continue reading

Treatise on smallpox was De variolis et morbillis

Circa 900 CE, Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi (aka in Latin as Rhazes), leading Muslim physician of the era, wrote the Treatise on smallpox called De variolis et morbillis (Treatise on the Small Pox and Measles). Continue reading

Alexander the Great

Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Greek: Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας, Aléxandros ho Mégas Koine Greek: [a.lék.san.dros ho mé.gas]), was a king (basileus) of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty. Continue reading

Persian Royal Road a very long road

The road called Persian Royal Road ran east-west across Anatolia for more than 1,500 miles (2,400 km) between the capital city of Susa, Persia (now the village of Shush, Iran), and Smyrna (now Iz-mir, Turkey), on the Aegean coast, passing through Nineveh and Haran, with a second terminus at Ephesus. Continue reading

First Known Permanent Human Settlement: village of Zawi Chemi

Archeologists found a permanent human settlement, located in in south-eastern Anatolia on the Turkish-Iranian border. Continue reading

Windmills invented by Persians

Arabic writings of the 9th Century first mention horizontal windmills constructed around 644 CE. Continue reading

Grape Cultivation circa 4000 BCE

Regions surrounding the Black and Caspian Sea (modern Turkey, Iran, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Russia) is where grapes started to be cultivated, with a possibility that wine may have been made then too, but the only wine evidence being made is about 500 later (circa 3500 BCE). Continue reading