Sumerians Develop Astrological System

Sumerians and other Mesopotamians developed the astrological system as early as 2500 BCE. Continue reading

Mesopotamia Domesticated Oxen for Agricultural Use

Early Mesopotamians domesticated ox and wild ass for agricultural work circa 3000 BCE. Continue reading

Title: Al-Khalil ibn Ahmad

Abu ‘Abd ar-Raḥmān al-Khalīl ibn Aḥmad ibn ‘Amr ibn Tammām al-Farāhīdī al-Azdī al-Yaḥmadī (Arab: أبو عبدالرحمن الخليل بن أحمد الفراهيدي‎; 718 – 786 CE), more commonly known as Al-Farahidi or simply Al-Khalīl, was one of the earliest Arab lexicographers and philologists. Continue reading

Arabic Dictionary

The Arabic dictionary was called the Kitab al ayn (Book Beginning With the Letter Ayn), which was compiled by the Arab philologist Al-Khalil ibn Ahmad al-Farahidi, in Basra, Iraq dating back circa 750. Continue reading

Cryptanalysis Treatise Written in Arabic

Cryptanalysis treatise Kitab al-mu'amma (Book of Secret Language), was written by Al-Khalil ibn Ahmad, Arabic philologist circa 750 in Basra, Iraq and author of the first Arabic dictionary. Continue reading

Gilgamesh

Gilgamesh was a historical king of the Sumerian city-state of Uruk, a major hero in ancient Mesopotamian mythology, and the protagonist of the Epic of Gilgamesh, an epic poem written in Akkadian during the late second millennium BC. Continue reading

Epic of Gilgamesh

The Epic of Gilgamesh relates to the futile search for immortality of a Sumerian king based on the king who ruled the city of Uruk (Erech) in 2200 BCE. Continue reading

Townhomes Developed in Iraq

Inhabitants of the Mesopotamian city of Ur, Iraq began constructing two-storey mud brick townhomes in 2025 BCE. Continue reading

Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi

Abū Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyyā al-Rāzī (ابوبكر محمّد زکرياى رازى‬ Abūbakr Mohammad-e Zakariyyā-ye Rāzī, also known by his Latinized name Rhazes or Rasis) (854–925 CE), was a Persian polymath, physician, alchemist, philosopher, and important figure in the history of medicine. Continue reading

Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zalcariya al-Razi was a Muslim physician of note

Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zalcariya al-Razi a Muslim physician, was known as Rhazes in the West, served as chief physician at hospitals in Rayy, Persia, and Baghdad. Continue reading