Lantern with a chimney

Leonardo da Vinci, created a lantern made of metal with a chimney Continue reading

Mechanical ventilating fan, Reinvented by Leonardo da Vinci

Mechanical ventilating fan was invented in China circa 180 CE. Continue reading

Modern treatise on geography

The Italian architect and mathematician Leon Battista Alberti wrote the modern treatise on geography circa 1440. Continue reading

Cooling system for buildings

Leonardo da Vinci apparently designed cooling system for buildings. In fact it started with a noblewoman Isabella d’Este, whose home was in Mantua, Italy, where Leonardo da Vinci was a guest in 1500. The cool air, was created by a paddlewheel in an enclosed water-filled chamber, which was blown into the room by a bellows.

Additional Information:

Date:
      1500

Name(s):
      Leonardo da Vinci

Occupation:
      Artist,
      Inventor,
      Visionairy

Location:
      Mantua, Italy

Milled money… Automation of a coin press

In Italy circa 1500, Leonardo da Vinci invented a Mill-driven coin press. This water driven press was able to produce more uniform coins, the coins were coined as “milled money.” (get the pun…LOL) The concept was adopted throughout Europe over the next two centuries.

Date:
      1500
Name(s):
      Leonardo da Vinci
Occupation:
      Artist,
      Inventor,
      Visionairy

Additional Information:

  • Leonardo da Vinci – Wikipedia
    Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (Italian: [leoˈnardo di ˌsɛr ˈpjɛːro da (v)ˈvintʃi] ( listen); 15 April 1452 – 2 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography.
  • Milled coinage – Wikipedia
    In numismatics, the term milled coinage (also known as machine-struck coinage) is used to describe coins which are produced by some form of machine, rather than by manually hammering coin blanks between two dies (hammered coinage) or casting coins from dies.
  • Coining technology — Part 3: Machine mintage of testons and thalers …
    At the end of the XV century — early XVI century Europe saw the rise of trade relations with the sharp increase in cash flow. At the same time begins the influx of a large amount of silver from America, where the Spaniards discovered rich deposits.

Dominoes of China

Derived from a dice game, dominoes were played in China around the 12th Century. Continue reading

Augustus Caesar

Augustus (Latin: Imperātor Caesar Dīvī Fīlius Augustus; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was the founder of the Roman Principate and considered the first Roman emperor, controlling the Roman Empire from 27 BC until his death in AD 14. Continue reading

The Bikini is Nothing New

Its a teeny, weeny, yellow polka-dotted bikini, was not invented in the mid 20th Century. Continue reading

Early example of political propaganda

During the reign of the first Roman emperor, Augustus Caesar, 17 BCE, the depictions of a comet by a western civilization were stamped onto coins. According to Augustus and his supporters, it was the spirit of Julius Caesar returning to mark his approval of Rome’s new leader. The coins are considered an early example of political propaganda.

Date:
      17 BCE
Name(s):
      Augustus Caesar
Occupation:
      Emperor of Rome
Location:
      Rome


Additional Information:

Emperor of Rome

Gaius Octavius (also known as Octavian) Emperor of Rome, the grandnephew of Julius Caesar. In Julius Caesar will, Caesar adopted Octavian and made him his heir. Doing this Julius Caesar gave the younger man (Octavian) sufficient influence with the Roman legions to take control of Rome and eventually the entire Greco-Roman world in the power struggle that followed Caesar’s assassination. Gaius Octavian was given the honorary name Augustus Caesar by the Roman Senate on his accession in 27 BCE, ruling as emperor until 14 CE.

Date:
      27 BCE
Name(s):
      Augustus Caesar
Occupation:
      Emperor of Rome
Location:
      Rome


Additional Information:

  • Augustus – Wikipedia
    At birth, he was named Gaius Octavius after his biological father. Historians typically refer to him simply as Octavius (or Octavian) between his birth in 63 until his adoption by Julius Caesar in 44 BC (after Julius Caesar’s death).
  • List of Roman emperors – Wikipedia
    Roman Emperors were rulers of the Roman Empire, wielding power over its citizens and military. The empire was developed as the Roman Republic invaded and occupied most of Europe and portions of northern Africa and western Asia.
  • Roman emperor – Wikipedia
    The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC). The emperors used a variety of different titles throughout history. Often when a given Roman is described as becoming “emperor” in English, it reflects his taking of the title Augustus or Caesar.