John Jeffries

John Jeffries (5 February 1745 – 16 September 1819) was a Boston physician, scientist, and a military surgeon with the British Army in Nova Scotia and New York during the American Revolution. He is best known for accompanying Jean-Pierre Blanchard on his 1785 balloon flight across the English Channel.

Jeffries is credited with being among America’s first weather observers. He began taking daily weather measurements in 1774 in Boston, as well as taking weather observations in a balloon over London in 1784. National Weatherperson’s Day is celebrated in his honor on 5 February, his birthday. The Archives and Special Collections at Amherst College holds a collection of his papers, including a letter he dropped from the balloon during his historic flight, considered the oldest piece of airmail in existence.

More info at: John Jeffries – Wikipedia

Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:

Name(s):
      John Jeffries
Occupation:
      Physician
     Surgeon
Birth:
      February 5, 1745
Boston, MA, USA
Death:
      September 16, 1819
      Boston, MA, USA
Spouse:
      Hannah Jeffries
(m. 1787)
Known for:
      The Balloon
Education:
      Harvard College (1763),
      University of Aberdeen,
      Harvard College,
      Harvard University


Additional Information:

William Franklin Sends First Airmail Letter

William Franklin,sent the first airmail letter to his father, Benjamin Franklin on January 7, 1785 while stationed in Europe at the Continental Congress. Continue reading

Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus (c. 1451 – 20 May 1506) was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer. Born in the Republic of Genoa, under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean. Continue reading

Eyewitness report to become a best-seller

Christopher Columbus wrote a letter to the monarchs of Spain in March 1493, this eyewitness report to become a best-seller was this letter. Continue reading

Letters from Christopher Columbus sent from Lisbon

Christopher Columbus, on March 14th 1493, having docked in Lisbon, Portugal, at the end of his first voyage to the New World, he wrote and dispatched two identical letters, one to Raphael Sanchez and the other to Luis de Santangel. These letters described his encounters and discoveries of America

Date:
      March 14th 1493
Name(s):
      Christopher Columbus
Occupation:
      Captain / Explorer
Location:
      Lisbon, Portugal


Additional Information:

  • Columbus’s letter on the first voyage – Wikipedia
    Columbus’s letter on the first voyage is the first known document announcing the results of the first voyage of Christopher Columbus that set out in 1492 and reached the Americas.
  • Columbus reports on his first voyage, 1493 | The Gilder Lehrman …
    On August 3, 1492, Columbus set sail from Spain to find an all-water route to Asia. On October 12, more than two months later, Columbus landed on an island in the Bahamas that he called San Salvador; the natives called it Guanahani.
  • Letter from Christopher Columbus | The Gilder Lehrman Institute of …
    Students will be asked to “read like a detective” and gain a clear understanding of the content of Christopher Columbus’s 1493 letter to Ferdinand and Isabella.
  • Letter to King Ferdinand of Spain
    Since I know that you will be pleased at the great victory with which Our Lord has crowned my voyage, I write this to you, from which you will learn how in thirty-three days I passed from the Canary Islands to the Indies, with the fleet which the most illustrious King and Queen, our Sovereigns, gave to me.
  • Christopher Columbus, Letter (1493) – FIU – (via the Wayback Machine)
    Letter addressed to the noble Lord Raphael Sanchez, Treasurer to their most invincible Majesties, Ferdinand and Isabella, King and Queen of Spain, by Christopher Columbus, to whom our age is greatly indebted, treating of the islands of India secently discovered beyond the Ganges, to explore which he had been sent eight months before under the auspices and at the expense of their said Majesties.
  • Christopher Columbus – Wikipedia
    The name Christopher Columbus is the Anglicisation of the Latin Christophorus Columbus. His name in Italian is Cristoforo Colombo and, in Spanish, it is Cristóbal Colón.