Prophet Muhammad

Muhammad (Arabic: مُحمّد‎, pronounced [muħammad]; c. 570 CE – 8 June 632 CE) was the founder of Islam. According to Islamic doctrine, he was a prophet, sent to present and confirm the monotheistic teachings preached previously by Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets. He is viewed as the final prophet of God in all the main branches of Islam, though some modern denominations diverge from this belief. Muhammad united Arabia into a single Muslim polity, with the Quran as well as his teachings and practices forming the basis of Islamic religious belief.

Born approximately 570 CE (Year of the Elephant) in the Arabian city of Mecca, Muhammad was orphaned at six years old. He was raised under the care of his paternal uncle Abu Talib and Abu Talib’s wife Fatimah bint Asad. Periodically, he would seclude himself in a mountain cave named Hira for several nights of prayer; later, at age 40, he reported being visited by Gabriel in the cave,where he stated he received his first revelation from God. Three years later, in 610, Muhammad started preaching these revelations publicly, proclaiming that “God is One”, that complete “submission” (islām) to God[12] is the right course of action (dīn), and that he was a prophet and messenger of God, similar to the other prophets in Islam.

Muhammad gained few early followers, and experienced hostility from Meccan polytheists. To escape ongoing persecution, he sent some followers to Abyssinia in 615, before he and his followers migrated from Mecca to Medina (then known as Yathrib) later in 622. This event, the Hijra, marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar, also known as the Hijri Calendar. In Medina, Muhammad united the tribes under the Constitution of Medina. In December 629, after eight years of intermittent wars with Meccan tribes, Muhammad gathered an army of 10,000 Muslim converts and marched on the city of Mecca. The conquest went largely uncontested and Muhammad seized the city with little bloodshed. In 632, a few months after returning from the Farewell Pilgrimage, he fell ill and died. By his death, most of the Arabian Peninsula had converted to Islam.

The revelations (each known as Ayah, lit. “Sign [of God]”), which Muhammad reported receiving until his death, form the verses of the Quran, regarded by Muslims as the verbatim “Word of God” and around which the religion is based. Besides the Quran, Muhammad’s teachings and practices (sunnah), found in the Hadith and sira (biography) literature, are also upheld and used as sources of Islamic law (see Sharia).

More info at: Muhammad to be a prophet – Wikipedia

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Name(s):
      Muhammad
Occupation:
      The founder of Islam
Birth:
      c. 570

      Mecca, Hejaz, Arabia (present-day Saudi Arabia)
Death:
      8 June 632

      Medina, Hejaz, Arabia (present-day Saudi Arabia)
Spouses:
      Khadija bint Khuwaylid (595–619)

      Sawda bint Zamʿa (619–632)

      Aisha bint Abi Bakr (619–632)

      Hafsa bint Umar (624–632)

      Zaynab bint Khuzayma (625–627)

      Hind bint Abi Umayya (625–632)

      Zaynab bint Jahsh (627–632)

      Juwayriyya bint al-Harith (628–632)

      Ramla bint Abi Sufyan (628–632)

      Rayhana bint Zayd (629–631)

      Safiyya bint Huyayy (629–632)

      Maymunah bint al-Harith (630–632)

      Maria al-Qibtiyya (630–632)

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Additional Information:

Islamic Military Victory the Battle of Badr

The Islamic Battle of Bar took place in Saudi Arabia on March 16, 624, following Muhammad’s raids on Meccan caravans returning from Syria. Continue reading

Muawiyah I

Muawiyah I (Arabic: معاوية بن أبي سفيان‎, Muʿāwiyah ibn Abī Sufyān; 602 – 26 April 680) was the founder and first caliph of the Umayyad Caliphate. He was the first who established the Umayyad dynasty in Islam of the caliphate, and was the second caliph from the Umayyad clan, the first being Uthman ibn Affan.

Muawiyah was appointed as the Governor of Syria after his brother Yazid ibn Abu Sufyan died. During the time of Ali ibn Abi Talib, Muawiyah convinced Talha and Zubayr to revolt against Ali. This led to the Battle of the Camel, the first battle in the First Fitna (the first Islamic civil war). In 657, Muawiya’s army attacked the army of Ali at the Battle of Siffin. After the death of Ali in 661, Muawiya’s army approached that of Ali’s son and successor, Hasan ibn Ali. In order to avoid further bloodshed, Hasan signed a peace treaty with Muawiyah. Muawiyah then assumed power; however, Muawiyah ended up breaking all his requirements set out by the peace treaty.

More info at: Muawiyah I – Wikipedia

Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:

Name(s):
      Muawiyah bin Abi-Sufyan
Occupation:
      Founder and first caliph of the Umayyad Caliphate
Birth:
      602 AD, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Death:
      680 AD, Damascus, Syria


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William Howard Russell

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Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (aka Michelangelo)

Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (Italian: [mikeˈlandʒelo di lodoˈviːko ˌbwɔnarˈrɔːti siˈmoːni]; 6 March 1475 – 18 February 1564) was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect, and poet of the High Renaissance who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art.[1] Considered to be the greatest living artist during his lifetime, he has since been described as one of the greatest artists of all time.[1] Despite making few forays beyond the arts, his versatility in the disciplines he took up was of such a high order that he is often considered a contender for the title of the archetypal Renaissance man, along with his rival and fellow Florentine Medici client, Leonardo da Vinci.

More info at Michelangelo – Wikipedia

Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:

Additional Information:

  • Michelangelo Buonarroti – Artsy
    A founder of the High Italian Renaissance style, Michelangelo (di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni) created some of the most influential works in the history of Western art: the marble statues of David (1504) and The Pietà (ca. 1498-1499), as well as the Sistine Chapel frescos in the Vatican, Rome, depicting Genesis (such as in The Creation of Adam (1510)) and the Last Judgment.
  • Michelangelo – Wikipedia
    Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (Italian: [mikeˈlandʒelo di lodoˈviːko ˌbwɔnarˈrɔːti siˈmoːni]; 6 March 1475 – 18 February 1564) was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect, and poet of the High Renaissance who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art.
  • Michelangelo – Painter, Architect, Poet, Sculptor – Biography.com
    Michelangelo is widely regarded as the most famous artist of the Italian Renaissance. Among his works are the “David” and “Pieta” statues and the Sistine Chapel frescoes.
  • Michelangelo:Paintings,Sculptures,Biography of Michelangelo
    Michelangelo was without doubt one of the most inspirational and talented artists in modern history. During his life, the western world underwent what was perhaps the most remarkable period of change since the decline of the Roman Empire.
  • Michelangelo | Italian artist | Britannica.com
    Michelangelo, in full Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (born March 6, 1475, Caprese, Republic of Florence [Italy]—died February 18, 1564, Rome, Papal States), Italian Renaissance sculptor, painter, architect, and poet who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art.
  • Michelangelo Biography
    In a demonstration of Michelangelo’s unique standing, he was the first Western artist whose biography was published while he was alive. Two biographies were published of him during his lifetime; One of them, by Giorgio Vasari, proposed that he was the pinnacle of all artistic achievement since the beginning of the Renaissance, a viewpoint that continued to have currency in art history for centuries.
  • Michelangelo – The complete works
    Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simon (March 6, 1475 – February 18, 1564), commonly known as Michelangelo, was an Italian Renaissance painter, sculptor, architect, poet and engineer.
  • Michelangelo – Facts & Summary – HISTORY.com
    Michelangelo (1475-1564) was a sculptor, painter and architect widely considered to be one of the greatest artists of the Italian Renaissance period—and arguably of all time.
  • BBC – History – Michelangelo
    Michelangelo was a painter, sculptor, architect and poet and one of the great artists of the Italian Renaissance.
  • Michelangelo | artist | 1475 – 1564 | National Gallery, London
    Painter, on panel and in fresco, sculptor and architect, writer of sonnets, Michelangelo Buonarroti was the first artist recognised by contemporaries as a genius.

Name(s):
      Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni
Occupation:
      Artist
Birth:
      March 6th 1475, Caprese Michelangelo, Italy
Death:
      February 18th 1564, Rome, Italy
Quotes:
“I saw the angel in the marble and carved until I set him free.”

“If people knew how hard I had to work to gain my mastery, it would not seem so wonderful at all.”

“Every block of stone has a statue inside it and it is the task of the sculptor to discover it.”

“Lord, grant that I may always desire more than I can accomplish.”

“Genius is eternal patience.”

“The greater danger for most of us lies not in setting our aim too high and falling short; but in setting our aim too low, and achieving our mark.”

“A man paints with his brains and not with his hands.”

“The true work of art is but a shadow of the divine perfection.”

“Trifles make perfection, and perfection is no trifle.”

“It is necessary to keep one’s compass in one’s eyes and not in the hand, for the hands execute, but the eye judges.”