Muhammad Established the Salah

Muhammad established the Muslim prayer ritual, the salah in 622, consisting of statements of faith, recitations from the Qur'an, and a sequence of postures, including standing, bowing, sitting, and prostration. Continue reading

Islamic Military Victory the Battle of Badr

The Islamic Battle of Bar took place in Saudi Arabia on March 16, 624, following Muhammad’s raids on Meccan caravans returning from Syria. Continue reading

Caliph Abu Bakr Succeeded Muhammad

Caliph Abu Bakr was named khalifat rasul Allah ("successor of the prophet of God") following the death of Muhammad on June 8, 632 by Medina Muslims. Continue reading

Muawiyah I

Muawiyah I (Arabic: معاوية بن أبي سفيان‎, Muʿāwiyah ibn Abī Sufyān; 602 – 26 April 680) was the founder and first caliph of the Umayyad Caliphate. He was the first who established the Umayyad dynasty in Islam of the caliphate, and was the second caliph from the Umayyad clan, the first being Uthman ibn Affan.

Muawiyah was appointed as the Governor of Syria after his brother Yazid ibn Abu Sufyan died. During the time of Ali ibn Abi Talib, Muawiyah convinced Talha and Zubayr to revolt against Ali. This led to the Battle of the Camel, the first battle in the First Fitna (the first Islamic civil war). In 657, Muawiya’s army attacked the army of Ali at the Battle of Siffin. After the death of Ali in 661, Muawiya’s army approached that of Ali’s son and successor, Hasan ibn Ali. In order to avoid further bloodshed, Hasan signed a peace treaty with Muawiyah. Muawiyah then assumed power; however, Muawiyah ended up breaking all his requirements set out by the peace treaty.

More info at: Muawiyah I – Wikipedia

Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:

Name(s):
      Muawiyah bin Abi-Sufyan
Occupation:
      Founder and first caliph of the Umayyad Caliphate
Birth:
      602 AD, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Death:
      680 AD, Damascus, Syria


Additional Information:

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Caliph Muawiyah I Founded the Umayyad dynasty

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Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zalcariya al-Razi a Muslim physician, was known as Rhazes in the West, served as chief physician at hospitals in Rayy, Persia, and Baghdad. Continue reading

First Paper Mill

A paper mill was established in 751 CE at Samarkand (now Uzbekistan) Continue reading