Francis William Aston

Francis William Aston FRS (1 September 1877 – 20 November 1945) was an English chemist and physicist who won the 1922 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his discovery, by means of his mass spectrograph, of isotopes, in a large number of non-radioactive elements, and for his enunciation of the whole number rule. He was a fellow of the Royal Society and Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.

More info at: Francis William Aston – Wikipedia

Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:

      Francis William Aston
      September 1, 1877, Harborne, Birmingham, United Kingdom
      November 20, 1945, Cambridge, United Kingdom
      Mass Spectra and Isotopes, Isotopes
      Helen Aston, Mary Aston
      Mason Science College, University of Cambridge, Malvern College, Trinity College
      Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Royal Medal, Hughes Medal

Additional Information:

Invention of the Mass Spectrometer

Joseph John Thomson invented the mass spectrometer or parabola spectrograph in Cambridge, England in 1913. Continue reading

Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei (Italian: [ɡaliˈlɛːo ɡaliˈlɛi]; 15 February 1564 – 8 January 1642) was an Italian astronomer, physicist and engineer, sometimes described as a polymath. Galileo has been called the “father of observational astronomy”, the “father of modern physics”, the “father of the scientific method”, and the “father of modern science”.

Galileo studied speed and velocity, gravity and free fall, the principle of relativity, inertia, projectile motion and also worked in applied science and technology, describing the properties of pendulums and “hydrostatic balances”, inventing the thermoscope and various military compasses, and using the telescope for scientific observations of celestial objects. His contributions to observational astronomy include the telescopic confirmation of the phases of Venus, the observation of the four largest satellites of Jupiter, the observation of Saturn and the analysis of sunspots.

More info at: Galileo Galilei – Wikipedia

Additional Articles associated with this person's firsts:

      Galileo Galilei
      Astronomer, Physicist, Engineer, and sometimes described as a Polymath
      February 15, 1564, Pisa, Italy
      January 8, 1642, Arcetri

Additional Information:

Gravity Experiment Proves Different Masses Fall the Same

Simon Stevin, Dutch engineer, inventor, and mathematician published results from a gravity experiment in 1586, whereby proving that objects with different masses fall at the same speed. Continue reading

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes

Kamerlingh Onnes was born in Groningen, Netherlands to father, Harm Kamerlingh Onnes a brickworks owner and mother, Anna Gerdina Coers from Arnhem. Continue reading

Mercury a Superconductor?

In 1911, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Dutch physicist and Director at the University of Leiden’s Cryogenic Laboratory, discovered that if you cool mercury Continue reading

Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen

Born to a German father and a Dutch mother, Röntgen attended high school in Utrecht, Netherlands. Continue reading

Discovery of X-rays

Inadvertently on November 8, 1895, Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen, a professor of physics and rector of the Julius Maximilian University of Wiirzburg, Germany, discovered the X-rays. Continue reading

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein (/ˈaɪnstaɪn/; German: [ˈalbɛɐ̯t ˈaɪnʃtaɪn]; 14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist. He developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics). Einstein’s work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. Einstein is best known by the general public for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2 (which has been dubbed “the world’s most famous equation”). He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics “for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect”, a pivotal step in the evolution of quantum theory.

Near the beginning of his career, Einstein thought that Newtonian mechanics was no longer enough to reconcile the laws of classical mechanics with the laws of the electromagnetic field. This led him to develop his special theory of relativity during his time at the Swiss Patent Office in Bern (1902–1909), Switzerland. He realized, however, that the principle of relativity could also be extended to gravitational fields, and with his subsequent theory of gravitation in 1916, he published a paper on general relativity. He continued to deal with problems of statistical mechanics and quantum theory, which led to his explanations of particle theory and the motion of molecules. He also investigated the thermal properties of light which laid the foundation of the photon theory of light. In 1917, Einstein applied the general theory of relativity to model the large-scale structure of the universe.

More at: Albert Einstein – Wikipedia

Albert Einstein

      Albert Einstein
      Theoretical Physicist
      March 14, 1879, Ulm, Germany
      April 18, 1955, Princeton, New Jersey, United States
      Elsa Einstein (m. 1919–1936), Mileva Marić (m. 1903–1919)
      Eduard Einstein, Lieserl Einstein, Hans Albert Einstein

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Imagination is more important than knowledge.

The important thing is not to stop questioning. Curiosity has its own reason for existing.

Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new.

Try not to become a man of success, but rather try to become a man of value.

Two things are infinite: the universe and human stupidity; and I’m not sure about the universe.

Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind.

No problem can be solved from the same level of consciousness that created it.

Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not simpler.

The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious. It is the source of all true art and science.

I have no special talents. I am only passionately curious.

Additional Information:

Scientific proof of the general theory of relativity

Scientific proof of the general theory of relativity was obtained during the total eclipse of the sun in 1919. Continue reading