Pope Gregory IX

Pope Gregory IX (Latin: Gregorius IX; born Ugolino di Conti; c. 1145 or before 1170 – 22 August 1241) was Pope from 19 March 1227 to his death in 1241. Continue reading

First Bat Mitzvah Ceremony

The first bat mitzvah ceremony was celebrated by Judith Kaplan Eisenstein, Continue reading

Pope Initiates First Christian Inquisition

Pope Gregory IX instituted the Papal Inquisition in 1231, to eradicate the Cathari and Waldensians heretics living in Italy and France. Continue reading