Muawiyah I

Muawiyah I (Arabic: معاوية بن أبي سفيان‎, Muʿāwiyah ibn Abī Sufyān; 602 – 26 April 680) was the founder and first caliph of the Umayyad Caliphate. Continue reading

Islamic Revivalist Reform Movement In Persia

Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab, an Arabian theologian launched the Islamic revivalist reform movement in 1736. Continue reading

Zoroastrian Reform Movement

Zoroastrian Reform Society, founded in 1851 in Bombay, India, by followers who hoped to modernize the religion. Continue reading