First Islamic Sectarian Controversy

The first Islamic sectarian controversy arose during the Muslim civil war following the assassination of third caliph, Uthman ibn Affan in 656 leading to the Battle of Siffin in 657 in Saudi Arabia. Continue reading

John Calvin

John Calvin (/ˈkælvɪn/;[1] French: Jean Calvin [ʒɑ̃ kalvɛ̃]; born Jehan Cauvin; 10 July 1509 – 27 May 1564) was a French theologian, pastor and reformer in Geneva during the Protestant Reformation. He was a principal figure in the development of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism, aspects of which include the doctrines of predestination and of the absolute sovereignty of God in salvation of the human soul from death and eternal damnation, in which doctrines Calvin was influenced by and elaborated upon the Augustinian and other Christian traditions. Various Congregational, Reformed and Presbyterian churches, which look to Calvin as the chief expositor of their beliefs, have spread throughout the world.

Calvin was a tireless polemic and apologetic writer who generated much controversy. He also exchanged cordial and supportive letters with many reformers, including Philipp Melanchthon and Heinrich Bullinger. In addition to his seminal Institutes of the Christian Religion, Calvin wrote commentaries on most books of the Bible, confessional documents, and various other theological treatises.

More info at: John Calvin – Wikipedia

Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:

Name(s):
      John Calvin
Birth:
      July 10, 1509, Noyon, France
Death:
      May 27, 1564, Geneva, Switzerland
Spouse:
      Idelette Calvin (m. 1540–1549)


Additional Information:

Guru Arjan

Guru Arjan (Punjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਅਰਜੁਨ Guru Arjan [ɡʊru əɾdʒən]) 15 April 1563 – 30 May 1606) was the first of the two Gurus martyred in the Sikh faith and the fifth of the ten total Sikh Gurus. He compiled the first official edition of the Sikh scripture called the Adi Granth, which later expanded into the Guru Granth Sahib.

He was born in Goindval, in the Punjab, the youngest son of Bhai Jetha, who later became Guru Ram Das, and Mata Bhani, the daughter of Guru Amar Das. He was the first Guru in Sikhism to be born into a Sikh family. Guru Arjan led Sikhism for a quarter of a century. He completed the construction of Darbar Sahib at Amritsar, after the fourth Sikh Guru founded the town and built a pool. Guru Arjan compiled the hymns of previous Gurus and of other saints into Adi Granth, the first edition of the Sikh scripture, and installed it in the Harimandir Sahib.

More info at: Guru Arjan – Wikipedia

Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:

Name(s):
      Guru Arjan
Birth:
      April 15, 1563, Goindval, India
Death:
      May 30, 1606, Lahore, Pakistan
Spouse:
      Mata Ganga
Children:
      Guru Hargobind


Additional Information:

Founding of Kharijites Sect

Abd ibn Wahb al-Rasibi founded the Islamic sect Kharijites which separated during the first Islamic civil war in 657 in Saudi Arabia. Continue reading

Founding of Presbyterian Church

The Presbyterian Church was founded by John Calvin’s Huguenots in 1559. Continue reading

First Sikh Martyr

Arjan, compiler of the Adi Granth and the builder of the Golden Temple at Amritsar, India was the first Sikh martyr. Continue reading

Protestant Heretic Martyred in France

Spanish physician, Michael Servetus was the first Protestant martyr following the publication of his books refuting the concept of the Trinity, Continue reading

Sikh Temple in Amritsar was Built

The Sikh Golden Temple was built in 1604 by Guru Arjun in Amritsar, India. Continue reading

Calvinist Reformed Church in Switzerland

John Calvin (born Jean Cauvin) founded the Calvinist Reformed Church in Geneva, Switzerland from a community of French Protestant refugees in 1536. Continue reading

First Sikh Book Compilation

Arjun, the fifth Sikh guru compiled the Sikh sacred book Adi Granth or Granth Sahib in 1604. Continue reading