The first Islamic sectarian controversy arose during the Muslim civil war following the assassination of third caliph, Uthman ibn Affan in 656 leading to the Battle of Siffin in 657 in Saudi Arabia. Continue reading
John Calvin (/ˈkælvɪn/; French: Jean Calvin [ʒɑ̃ kalvɛ̃]; born Jehan Cauvin; 10 July 1509 – 27 May 1564) was a French theologian, pastor and reformer in Geneva during the Protestant Reformation. He was a principal figure in the development of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism, aspects of which include the doctrines of predestination and of the absolute sovereignty of God in salvation of the human soul from death and eternal damnation, in which doctrines Calvin was influenced by and elaborated upon the Augustinian and other Christian traditions. Various Congregational, Reformed and Presbyterian churches, which look to Calvin as the chief expositor of their beliefs, have spread throughout the world.
Calvin was a tireless polemic and apologetic writer who generated much controversy. He also exchanged cordial and supportive letters with many reformers, including Philipp Melanchthon and Heinrich Bullinger. In addition to his seminal Institutes of the Christian Religion, Calvin wrote commentaries on most books of the Bible, confessional documents, and various other theological treatises.
More info at: John Calvin – Wikipedia
Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:
July 10, 1509, Noyon, France
May 27, 1564, Geneva, Switzerland
Idelette Calvin (m. 1540–1549)
- John Calvin – Wikipedia
John Calvin was a French theologian, pastor and reformer in Geneva during the Protestant Reformation. He was a principal figure in the development of the …
- John Calvin – Beliefs, Predestination & Facts – Biography
Aug 13, 2019 – John Calvin, Martin Luther’s successor as the preeminent Protestant theologian, made a powerful impact on the fundamental doctrines of Protestantism. … Born in France in 1509, theologian/ecclesiastical statesman John Calvin was Martin Luther’s successor as the preeminent Protestant …
- John Calvin | French theologian | Britannica.com
Aug 16, 2019 – John Calvin, French Jean Calvin, or Cauvin, (born July 10, 1509, Noyon, Picardy, France—died May 27, 1564, Geneva, Switzerland), theologian and ecclesiastical statesman. He was the leading French Protestant Reformer and the most important figure in the second generation of the Protestant Reformation.
- John Calvin…… | Christian History | Christianity Today
With his brother and sister and two friends, John Calvin fled Catholic France and headed to the free city of Strasbourg. It was the summer of 1536; Calvin had …
- A Brief History of John Calvin – About | Calvin University
The local bishop employed Calvin’s father as an administrator in the town’s cathedral. The father, in turn, wanted John to become a priest. Because of close ties …
- Calvin, John | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
John Calvin, (1509-1564) was born in Noyon, the son of a notary, Gerard Cauvin, and his wife, Jeanne LeFranc. Although Calvin’s father displayed no particular …
- Theologian for the Ages: John Calvin – Ligonier Ministries
Oct 26, 2018 – John Calvin (1509–1564) is easily the most important Protestant theologian of all time and remains one of the truly great men who have lived.
- John Calvin Biography | Biography Online
Sep 14, 2018 – John Calvin was a French theologian and pastor who was an instrumental figure in the Protestant Reformation. After his death, Calvinism …
- John Calvin & the Reformation: Lesson for Kids | Study.com
John Calvin was a major figure in the Protestant Reformation. He wrote an important book called Institutes of the Christian Religion, and the…
- John Calvin – Wikiquote
John Calvin (July 10 1509 – May 27 1564) was a major French Protestant theologian during the Protestant Reformation; he is renowned for his teaching and …
Guru Arjan (Punjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਅਰਜੁਨ Guru Arjan [ɡʊru əɾdʒən]) 15 April 1563 – 30 May 1606) was the first of the two Gurus martyred in the Sikh faith and the fifth of the ten total Sikh Gurus. He compiled the first official edition of the Sikh scripture called the Adi Granth, which later expanded into the Guru Granth Sahib.
He was born in Goindval, in the Punjab, the youngest son of Bhai Jetha, who later became Guru Ram Das, and Mata Bhani, the daughter of Guru Amar Das. He was the first Guru in Sikhism to be born into a Sikh family. Guru Arjan led Sikhism for a quarter of a century. He completed the construction of Darbar Sahib at Amritsar, after the fourth Sikh Guru founded the town and built a pool. Guru Arjan compiled the hymns of previous Gurus and of other saints into Adi Granth, the first edition of the Sikh scripture, and installed it in the Harimandir Sahib.
More info at: Guru Arjan – Wikipedia
Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:
April 15, 1563, Goindval, India
May 30, 1606, Lahore, Pakistan
- Guru Arjan – Wikipedia
Guru Arjan (Punjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਅਰਜਨ [gʊɾuː əɾd͡ʒənᵊ]) 15 April 1563 – 30 May 1606) was the first of the two Gurus martyred in the Sikh faith and the fifth of the ten total Sikh Gurus. He compiled the first official edition of the Sikh scripture called the Adi Granth, which later expanded into the Guru Granth Sahib.
- Guru Arjan – SikhiWiki, free Sikh encyclopedia.
Aug 27, 2018 – Guru Arjan Dev Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਅਰਜੁਨ ਦੇਵ) (Sunday May 2 1563 – Monday June 16 1606) was the fifth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism who …
- Guru Arjan – Sikhism Religion of the Sikh People
Guru Arjan was the youngest son of Guru Ram Das and Mata Bhani. He was born at Goindwal on April 15, 1563. In 1579 Guru Arjan was eventually married to …
- Religions – Sikhism: Guru Arjan – BBC
Oct 26, 2009 – A brief look at Guru Arjan Dev, the fifth Sikh Guru and the first Sikh martyr.
- Arjan | Sikh Guru | Britannica.com
Arjan, the Sikh religion’s fifth Guru and its first martyr. One of the greatest of the Sikh Gurus, Arjan took over the leadership of the Sikh community from his father, …
- Guru Arjan Biography – Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline
Nov 3, 2017 – Guru Arjan Dev was the fifth of the ten Sikh Gurus. He became the first martyr of Sikh faith. This biography of Guru Arjan Dev provides detailed …
- Guru Arjan Sahib: The Sovereign-Martyr – Sikh Research Institute
Guru Arjan Sahib was martyred as per the orders of Emperor Jahangir on 30 May 1606.
- Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji – Sikh Gurus – Gateway to Sikhism Foundation
Guru Arjan was born in Goindwal, a small town in Amritsar district, on April 15, 1563. He was the youngest son of Guru Ram Das and Bibi Bhani. As a child, one …
- Guru Arjan – Wikiquote
Guru Arjan ([ɡʊru əɾdʒən]; 15 April 1563 – 30 May 1606) was the first martyr of the Sikh faith and the fifth of the ten Sikh Gurus, who compiled the first official …
Abd ibn Wahb al-Rasibi founded the Islamic sect Kharijites which separated during the first Islamic civil war in 657 in Saudi Arabia. Continue reading
The Presbyterian Church was founded by John Calvin’s Huguenots in 1559. Continue reading
Arjan, compiler of the Adi Granth and the builder of the Golden Temple at Amritsar, India was the first Sikh martyr. Continue reading
Spanish physician, Michael Servetus was the first Protestant martyr following the publication of his books refuting the concept of the Trinity, Continue reading
The Sikh Golden Temple was built in 1604 by Guru Arjun in Amritsar, India. Continue reading
John Calvin (born Jean Cauvin) founded the Calvinist Reformed Church in Geneva, Switzerland from a community of French Protestant refugees in 1536. Continue reading
Arjun, the fifth Sikh guru compiled the Sikh sacred book Adi Granth or Granth Sahib in 1604. Continue reading