Muawiyah I

Muawiyah I (Arabic: معاوية بن أبي سفيان‎, Muʿāwiyah ibn Abī Sufyān; 602 – 26 April 680) was the founder and first caliph of the Umayyad Caliphate. Continue reading

Muhammad Incorporates Arab Tribes into Islamic Federation

Muhammad led his followers on raids against neighboring Arab tribes and incorporating them into the Islamic federation following his flee from Continue reading

Islamic Revivalist Reform Movement In Persia

Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab, an Arabian theologian launched the Islamic revivalist reform movement in 1736. Continue reading

Assassination of Caliph Uthman ibn Affan

Islamic civil war erupted upon the assassination of the third caliph Uthman ibn Affan, in 656 by Egyptian soldiers. Continue reading