Sunspot Observations

According to the Chinese book The Ocean of Jade China was observing sunspots. Continue reading

Soviets Spacecraft Hits the Moon

On September 12, 1959, the Soviets launched a spacecraft called Luna 2 from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Continue reading

First Photograph of the Sun

In 1845, Jean-Bernard-Leon Foucault, a French physicist and inventor, took a photograph of the sun. Continue reading

Soft landing of Luna 9 on the moon

Soviet spacecraft called Luna 9 made a soft landing on the moon’s surface on February 3, 1966. Continue reading

First Published Ephemeris

Let’s begin with the definition of the word Ephemeris:

Ephemeris is a table or data file giving the calculated positions of a celestial object at regular intervals throughout a period or basically a diary of celestial objects positions.
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Nicolaus Copernicus

Nicolaus Copernicus (/koʊˈpɜːrnɪkəs, kə-/; Polish: Mikołaj Kopernik; German: Nikolaus Kopernikus; Niklas Koppernigk; 19 February 1473 – 24 May 1543) was a Renaissance- and Reformation-era mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at the center of the universe, likely independently of Aristarchus of Samos, who had formulated such a model some eighteen centuries earlier. Continue reading

Close-up photographs of Jupiter

The U.S.-built planetary probe Pioneer 10 satellite was launched on March 2, 1972, from Cape Canaveral, FL, USA. Then on December 3, 1973, as Pioneer 10 passed Jupiter, it took Close-up photographs of of the giant planet. Continue reading

The Spacecraft to reach another planet

The Soviet planetary probe Venera 3, which crash-landed on Venus on March 1, 1966, became the first Spacecraft to reach another planet. Continue reading

Mars probe called Mars 1

After a series of failures, Mars 1, successfully launched from the USSR’s Baikonur space centre in Kazakhstan on November 1, 1962. Continue reading

Spacecraft to return from lunar orbit

A Soviet moon probe, which went to the moon and returned from the moon, making a soft landing in September 1968, in the Soviet Union, was the Spacecraft called Zond 5. Continue reading