King Edward I of England

Edward I (17/18 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Latin: Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 to 1307. Before his accession to the throne, he was commonly referred to as The Lord Edward. Continue reading

Shipping tax based on tonnage

All governments whether Monarchy, Patriarchy, Communist, or Democracy Require money to operate, such as it’s citizens’ taxes. New taxes are levied when funds are low. Continue reading

United States Steel Company, a Corporation worth US$1 Billion

In 1901 a financier by the name John Pierpont Morgan created a Billion dollar company by combining several Steel mills (including Carnegie Steel and Federal Steel Company) in to one big company called, United States Steel Company. Continue reading

Trade during the Han dynasty

China and Southeast Asia initiated trade, during the Han dynasty, circa 100 CE. (Northern part of what is now Vietnam) Continue reading

International trade fairs still held annually

Fairs of Germany’s medieval cities which include those of Leipzig, begun in 1229; Frankfurt am Main, in 1240 (and perhaps as early as 1050); and Cologne, in 1360, all still hold annually international trade fairs. Continue reading

Free trade for North America … Really?

On December 17th 1992, a free trade agreement called NAFTA (aka. North American Free Trade Agreement) was signed by Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, United States President George W. Bush and Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari. Continue reading