Title: Al-Khalil ibn Ahmad

Abu ‘Abd ar-Raḥmān al-Khalīl ibn Aḥmad ibn ‘Amr ibn Tammām al-Farāhīdī al-Azdī al-Yaḥmadī (Arab: أبو عبدالرحمن الخليل بن أحمد الفراهيدي‎; 718 – 786 CE), more commonly known as Al-Farahidi or simply Al-Khalīl, was one of the earliest Arab lexicographers and philologists. Continue reading

Theophrastus of Eresus

Theophrastus (/ˌθiːəˈfræstəs/; Greek: Θεόφραστος Theόphrastos; c. 371 – c. 287 BC), a Greek native of Eresos in Lesbos, was the successor to Aristotle in the Peripatetic school. Continue reading

Cryptanalysis Treatise Written in Arabic

Cryptanalysis treatise Kitab al-mu'amma (Book of Secret Language), was written by Al-Khalil ibn Ahmad, Arabic philologist circa 750 in Basra, Iraq and author of the first Arabic dictionary. Continue reading

Treatise on Rocks and Minerals titled, De lapidibus (On Stones)

Theophrastus of Eresus, the Greek scientist and philosopher, known as the founder of botany, wrote a treatise on rocks and minerals, early in the third century BCE. Continue reading

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz (/ˈlaɪbnɪts/;[5] German: [ˈɡɔtfʁiːt ˈvɪlhɛlm fɔn ˈlaɪbnɪts] or [ˈlaɪpnɪts]; French: Godefroi Guillaume Leibnitz; 1 July, 1646 [O.S. 21 June] – 14 November 1716) was a German polymath and philosopher who occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics, the history of philosophy, having developed differential and integral calculus independently of Isaac Newton. Continue reading

Santorio Santorio

Santorio Santorio (29 March 1561 – 22 February 1636), also called Sanctorio Sanctorio, Santorio Santorii, Sanctorius of Padua, Sanctorio Sanctorius and various combinations of these names, was a Venetian physiologist, physician, and professor, who introduced the quantitative approach into medicine. Continue reading

Treatise on Binary Mathematics

Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz, a German mathematician and philosopher wrote the Treatise on Binary Mathematics on March 1679. Continue reading

Treatise on Basal Metabolism

The Treatise on basal metabolism, De statica medicina (On Medical Measurement) was published by Santorio Santorio, an Italian physician in 1614. Continue reading

Treatise on insects was De Animalibus insectis

Ulisse Aldrovandi, an italian naturalist and professor of natural history at the University of Bologna from 1561, published a treatise on insects called, De Animalibus insectis (Of insect Animals) in 1602.
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Greek Treatise on Hunting- Cynegeticus

The Greek treatise on hunting, Cynegeticus(Hunting Man) was written 375 BCE by Xenophon, a Greek historian. Continue reading