John Bardeen

John Bardeen (/bɑːrˈdiːn/; May 23, 1908 – January 30, 1991) was an American physicist and electrical engineer, the only person to have won the Nobel Prize in Physics twice: first in 1956 with William Shockley and Walter Brattain for the invention of the transistor; and again in 1972 with Leon N Cooper and John Robert Schrieffer for a fundamental theory of conventional superconductivity known as the BCS theory. Continue reading

Bell Telephone Laboratories invents the Transistor and changed the world

At the Bell Telephone Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ, USA, the first demonstration of a transistor took place on June 30th 1948. Continue reading

Title: Grapefruit plantation was established in 1809

In what is now the state of Florida, USA, Odette Philippe, a French military surgeon, established a grapefruit plantation in 1809. Continue reading

Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus (c. 1451 – 20 May 1506) was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer. Born in the Republic of Genoa, under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean. Continue reading

Isambard Kingdom Brunel

Isambard Kingdom Brunel FRS (/ˈɪzəmˌbɑːd bruːˈnɛl/; 9 April 1806 – 15 September 1859), was an English mechanical and civil engineer who is considered “one of the most ingenious and prolific figures in engineering history”, “one of the 19th century engineering giants”, and “one of the greatest figures of the Industrial Revolution, [who] changed the face of the English landscape with his groundbreaking designs and ingenious constructions”. Continue reading

Comic strip in a daily newspaper

Chicago American daily newspaper in 1904, printed a comic strip in black and white, called “A. Piker Clerk,” by Claire Briggs, an artist and author. Continue reading

Transatlantic steamboat service

the SS Great Western and the Sirius, began the transatlantic steamboat service, both of which arrived in New York, NY, USA on April 23, 1838. Continue reading

Hideki Yukawa

He was born as Hideki Ogawa in Tokyo and grew up in Kyoto with two older brothers, two older sisters, and two younger brothers. Continue reading

On-line course of study

The Western Behavioural Sciences Institute’s School of Management and Strategic Studies in San Diego, CA, USA, offered in 1981, an on-line course of study. Continue reading

Yasser Arafat

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