Encyclopedia of importance was Pliny the Elder’s encyclopedia of the physical world

Pliny the Elder’s encyclopedia of the physical world, was called Historia naturalis (Natural History), completed some time in Rome circa 77 CE and was widely influential up to the end of what is known as the medieval period. Pliny’s work, was divided into 37 “books” (not really into volumes) indiscriminately mixed accurate contemporary knowledge about the sciences, agriculture, medicine, and the arts with numerous myths, fallacies, and fantasies. Many of the myths, fallacies, and fantasies of which were accepted without question by later scholars and some still persist to the present day. The errors within Natural History were first detailed in 1492 by Niccolo Leoniceno, an Italian.

      77 CE
      Pliny the Elder
      Rome, Italy

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