Jainism, Atheistic religious movement

Jainism, Atheistic religious movement that arose in India in the sixth century BCE, was founded by Vardhamana Mahavira, Principles being the salvation of an individual soul as the consequence of an ascetic life leading to detachment from material things. Even though Jainism does not recognize a Creator or Supreme Being, the lay people in Jain temples perform rites to honour, veneration of Mahavira, other Jain saints, and Hindu deities.

Buddhism, founded by Siddhartha Gautama, teaches that all concepts of a God and an individual soul are just illusory and that recognition of the suffering inherent in all existence. That one should give rise to a way of life based on compassion, truthfulness, mindfulness, and strong mental and physical self-discipline. (Simplicity of life).

Mahayana Buddhism (“the greater method”) a widely popular variant form, interprets the Buddhist teachings in such a way to allowed for the worship of the Buddha and of aspiring Buddhas, known as bodhisattvas, as deities.

      525 BCE
      Siddhartha Gautama

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