Edward I (17/18 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Latin: Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 to 1307. Before his accession to the throne, he was commonly referred to as The Lord Edward. He spent much of his reign reforming royal administration and common law. Through an extensive legal inquiry, Edward investigated the tenure of various feudal liberties, while the law was reformed through a series of statutes regulating criminal and property law. Increasingly, however, Edward’s attention was drawn towards military affairs.
As the first son of Henry III, Edward was involved early in the political intrigues of his father’s reign, which included an outright rebellion by the English barons. In 1259, he briefly sided with a baronial reform movement, supporting the Provisions of Oxford. After reconciliation with his father, however, he remained loyal throughout the subsequent armed conflict, known as the Second Barons’ War. After the Battle of Lewes, Edward was hostage to the rebellious barons, but escaped after a few months and joined the fight against Simon de Montfort. Montfort was defeated at the Battle of Evesham in 1265, and within two years the rebellion was extinguished. With England pacified, Edward joined the Ninth Crusade to the Holy Land. The crusade accomplished little, and Edward was on his way home in 1272 when he was informed that his father had died. Making a slow return, he reached England in 1274 and was crowned at Westminster on 19 August.
More info at: Edward I of England – Wikipedia
Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:
King of England
17 or 18 June 1239,
Palace of Westminster, London, England
7 July 1307
Burgh by Sands, Cumberland, England
Eleanor of Castile
(m. 1254; d. 1290)
Margaret of France
- Death of Edward I of England | History Today
The son of a weakling father and in turn the father of a weakling son, Edward I was one of the most formidable and effective of all English kings. Standing six foot …
- BBC – History – Historic Figures: Edward I (1239 – 1307)
Discover more about the medieval king of England, ‘the hammer of the Scots’ who campaigned against Scotland and Wales.
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Born in June 1239 at Westminster, Edward was named by his father Henry III after the last Anglo Saxon king (and his father’s favourite saint), Edward the …
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Edward’s appearance. Edward I was a tall man of six feet two inches (1.88 metres), with long arms and legs from which his nick-name, Longshanks, was derived.
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Jul 3, 2018 – Edward I: Edward I, son of Henry III and king of England in 1272–1307, during … Edward I, byname Edward Longshanks, (born June 17, 1239, …
- King Edward I Longshanks | Britroyals
Key facts about King Edward I Longshanks who was born June 17, 1239, reigned (1272 – 1307) including biography, historical timeline and links to the British …