Roman Architectural Principles Applied to Building Techniques

Renaissance architect, Filippo Brunelleschi of Florence, Italy first applied principle building techniques of classical Roman architecture to Gothic form by adding a dome to the unfinished Florence Cathedral, Santa Maria del Fiore. The cathedral remained unfinished for a century due to the lack of technical knowledge required for completion. Brunelleschi designed a converging structure of 24 reinforced ribs concealed within inner and outer shells, and invented a number of machines to aid in the construction work. The finished dome was 367 feet (111.86 meters) high covering an octagonal space 140 feet (42.7 meters) wide. The cathedral was dedicated on March 25, 1436.

      March 25, 1436
      Filippo Brunelleschi
      Florence, Italy

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