Islam Recognized Religious Minorities

Islam tolerated minor religious Christian and Jewish communities living near Jordan, Saudi Arabia in 630 as the Muslims required pagans to convert to islam or risk being killed. Exceptions were made for Christians and Jews recognizing them “people of the book” who had sacred scriptures and who accepted divine revelation through prophets, despite non-acceptance of Muhammad. Noting their status of ahl adhdhimma, minorities with a protected but second class status in Islamic society. Later, when the Muslims invaded Iran and India, they assigned the same status to the Zoroastrians and Hindus and were required to pay a poll tax, the jizyah.

      630 CE
      Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq

Additional Information:

  • Religion in Iran – Wikipedia
    The remaining 0.6% associate themselves with non-Islamic religious minorities, including Bahá’ís, Mandeans, Yarsanis, Zoroastrians, Jews, and Christians. The latter three minority religions are officially recognized and protected, and have reserved seats in the Iran parliament.
  • Freedom of religion in Iran – Wikipedia
    Freedom of religion in Iran is marked by Iranian culture, major religion and politics. … Iran recognizes Zoroastrian, Jewish, and Christian religious minorities, among …. Religious activity is monitored closely by the Ministry of Islamic Culture and …
  • Religious Minorities under Muslim Rule | Yaqeen Institute for Islamic …
    Feb 8, 2017 – Religious minorities are often depicted as oppressed and … both Muslim and non-Muslim, recognize its significance because despite there …

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