Tunnel Linking France and Switzerland

A 7 km mountain tunnel linking France and Switzerland under Mount Cenis in the Alps was completed in December 1870. French engineer Germain Sommeiller, invented a compressed-air rock drilling machine for the project and first used Alfred Nobel’s new invention, dynamite.

      December, 1870
      Germain Sommeiller
      France, Switzerland

Additional Information:

  • History of rail transport in Switzerland – Wikipedia
    The first internal Swiss line, the 16 km long Swiss Northern Railway (German: Schweizerische Nordbahn, SNB) opened from Zürich to Baden in 1847. Private companies – led by Swiss entrepreneurs, industrialists and bankers – built the next wave of railways.
  • Construction of the first railway routes through the Alps (1848-1882 …
    Nov 7, 2017 – The construction of railway tunnels in the Alps marked the history of Europe … the tunnel in a contentious border context between France and Italy. … who were to be hired first and foremost in Switzerland, on account of their experience. … 1830-années 1880), Ph.D. thesis in history under the direction
  • Tunnel Vision – National Geographic
    He wasn’t the first alpine traveler to wish there were another way. … Channel Tunnel between England and France and the present record-holder, Japan’s 54-kilometer-long …. The current tunnel builders are following in a long history of Swiss engineering … By 1870 the railway had arrived, bringing modernity in its wake.
  • Switzerland – Switzerland from 1848 to the present | Britannica.com
    In 1847 the first railroad opened between Zürich and Baden. … Tunnel and the 9-mile (14.5-km) Lötschberg Tunnel linking Bern to Brig were also opened to rail … War (1870–71), in which the problems of interning a French army on Swiss soil …
  • Mont Blanc Tunnel, France, Italy, and Switzerland | Building the World
    A nobleman who didn’t like paying taxes built the first recorded Alpine tunnel. … The initial agreement was between France and Italy but it was soon clear that …

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