Duke of Saxony Opened Public Schools

Maurice, Duke of Saxony, opened three public schools on his lands in 1543. They were funded by the sale of monastery properties following their shut down when the churches became Lutheran. The educational plan was provided from Philipp Melanchthon’s book, Unterricht der Visitatoren (Instructions for Visitors), adopted in newly established schools across Germany. Martin Luther stressed literacy for the children of labourers and farmers as a spur to piety, as it enabled ordinary people to read the Bible.

      1543, 1528
      Maurice, Duke of Saxony

Additional Information:

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