Manetho Chronicled the First Anti-Semitic Libel

Egyptian priest historian Manetho wrote the first Anti-Semitic libel chronicle circa 300 BCE. Manetho claimed that the Hebrew leader Moshe (Moses) was a renegade Egyptian priest leading lepers, plague-carriers, and other diseased and reviled outcasts out of Egypt. The original version did not survive yet was cited and refuted in the treatise Contra Apionem (Against Apion), written by Jewish historian General Flavius Josephus (Joseph ben Matthias) in the first century CE. Manetho’s slur was repeated as truth by many anti-Jewish authors including Karl Marx and Adolf Hitler.

      300 BCE
      Egypt, Africa

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