Grand Canal Waterways Lead to Shanyang Canal

The Grand Canal, a system of waterways that stretch across northern China for 1,085 miles (1,747 kilometres), was used for transporting grain to highly populated areas and links to the Shanyang Canal, built in the third or fourth century BCE. A large-scale expansion project, starting 600 years later consisted of conscripted laborers from the army extending the canal by 600 miles. Renovations and expansions continue through to present day.

      400 BCE
      Shanyang Canal, China

Additional Information:

  • Ancient China: The Grand Canal – Ducksters
    Why was the Grand Canal built? The canal was built in order to easily ship grain from the rich farmland in southern China to the capital city in Beijing. This also helped the emperors to feed the soldiers guarding the northern borders. The Ancient Chinese built early canals to help with transportation and commerce.
  • Grand Canal (China) – Wikipedia
    The Grand Canal, known to the Chinese as the Jing–Hang Grand Canal a UNESCO World … The economic importance of the canal likely will continue.
  • Grand Canal | canal, China | Britannica
    It became immensely wealthy, being at the centre of a fertile rice-growing area as well as being the site of the most important silk industries in China. It also was …
  • What is the significance of the Grand Canal? | Socratic
    May 20, 2018 – The Grand Canal made it possible for China to be one united country rather than being ruled by small independent warlords. The Grand Canal was first completed in 609 by the Sui dynasty. The Chinese invented locks in 984 that improved the ease of movement along the canal.
  • The Grand Canal – UNESCO World Heritage Centre
    The Grand Canal reached a new peak in the 13th century (Yuan Dynasty), providing a unified inland navigation network consisting of more than 2,000 km of artificial waterways, linking five of the most important river basins in China, including the Yellow River and the Yangtze.

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