Regions surrounding the Black and Caspian Sea (modern Turkey, Iran, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Russia) is where grapes started to be cultivated, with a possibility that wine may have been made then too, but the only wine evidence being made is about 500 later (circa 3500 BCE).
Black and Caspian Sea
- Viticulture – Wikipedia
Viticulture (from the Latin word for vine) is the science, production, and study of grapes. It deals with the series of events that occur in the vineyard. It is a branch of the science of horticulture.
- Grape – Wikipedia
The cultivation of the domesticated grape began 6,000–8,000 years ago in the Near East. Yeast, one of the earliest domesticated microorganisms, occurs naturally on the skins of grapes, leading to the discovery of alcoholic drinks such as wine.
- History of wine – Wikipedia
The earliest archaeological evidence of wine consumption yet found has been at sites in China (c. 7000 BC), Georgia (c. 6000 BC), Iran (c. 7400 BC, c. 5000 BC), and Greece (c. 4500 BC). The oldest evidence of wine production has been found in Armenia (c. 4100 BC), where the oldest winery to date was uncovered.
- Evolution and history of grapevine (Vitis vinifera) under domestication
Evolution and history of grapevine (Vitis vinifera) under domestication: new morphometric perspectives to understand seed domestication syndrome and reveal origins of ancient European cultivars
- Grapes domesticated 8,000 years ago – USA Today
In wine there is truth, in vino veritas, as the ancient Romans put it. And the truth is that people first cultivated grapes for vino about 8,000 years ago, finds a genetics study.