Archeologists, M. Springs and S. Wickler, while on an excavation at Kilu caves on Buka Island, The Solomons (Now part of Papua New Guinea) discovered Flake Tools, that had traces of starch from cultivation of Taro (a plant looking similar to rhubarb). The testing of the tools places Agriculture may have begun around 26,000 BCE.
Kilu caves on Buka Island, The Solomons
- Agriculture, Facts and History – Crystalinks
Agriculture, Facts and History – Crystalinks. The word agriculture is the English adaptation of Latin agricultura, from ager, “a field” and cultura, “cultivation” in the strict sense of “tillage of the soil”. Thus, a literal reading of the word yields “tillage of a field / of fields”.
- History of agriculture – Wikipedia
The history of agriculture records the domestication of plants and animals and the development and dissemination of techniques for raising them productively. Agriculture began independently in different parts of the globe, and included a diverse range of taxa.
- History of Farming
However, the primary distinguishing feature between hunter-gatherers and the beginnings of modern agriculture lies in the domestication of species: Cultivation involves the deliberate sowing or other management of plants which do not necessarily differ from wild populations.
- Origins of agriculture | Britannica.com
Origins of agriculture, the active production of useful plants or animals in ecosystems that have been created by people. Agriculture has often been conceptualized narrowly, in terms of specific combinations of activities and organisms—wet-rice production in Asia, wheat farming in Europe, cattle ranching in the Americas, and the like—but a more holistic perspective holds that humans are environmental engineers who disrupt terrestrial habitats in specific ways.
- The Development of Agriculture
Taking root around 12,000 years ago, agriculture triggered such a change in society and the way in which people lived that its development has been dubbed the “Neolithic Revolution.”