First Known Permanent Human Settlement: village of Zawi Chemi

Archeologists found a permanent human settlement, located in in south-eastern Anatolia on the Turkish-Iranian border. Called the village of Zawi Chemi, and was inhabited well before 9000 BCE

      9000 BCE
      South-Eastern Anatolia on the Turkish-Iranian Border

Additional Information:

  • Great Zab – Wikipedia
    The Great Zab or Upper Zab (Arabic: الزاب الكبير‎‎ (al-Zāb al-Kabīr), Kurdish: Zêy Badînan or Zêyê Mezin‎, Turkish: Zap, Syriac: (zāba ʻalya)) is an approximately 400-kilometre (250 mi) long river flowing through Turkey and Iraq. It rises in Turkey near Lake Van and joins the Tigris in Iraq south of Mosul.
  • PreHistoric Zawi Chemi Shanidar in Iraq
    A cave in northern Iraq (MAP) at an altitude of 745 metres. A small village site outside, Zawi Chemi Shanidar, has produced some evidence for early farming at the time of the Zarzian, whose levels at the summit of the cave are about 10000 BC.
  • An early village site at Zawi Chemi Shanidar on eHRAF Archaeology
    Zawi Chemi Shanidar is an open air site in northeastern Iraq that had fairly good preservation with bone and horn found. The date for the site and the microlithic stone tools indicate the site is from a transitional period from the late Epipaleolithic to the Prepottery Neolithic.

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